By species www.diverosa.com Rokus Groeneveld & Sanne Reijs  
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Cephalopods are the highest developed member of the mollusks; related to, for example, shells and nudibranch. The name Cephalopods comes from the Greek and means head / foot. The main members are octopus, squid and cuttlefish, but also the seldom seen nautilus and argonauts are part of it. There are over 800 different species, all marine; there are no fresh water species.

Cephalopods are often hard to determinate, also because most Cephalopods posses the ability to change color. They do that by their Chromatophores, pigment-containing and light-reflecting cells, also found in amphibians, fish, reptiles, crustaceans. Sometimes the flash of a strobe makes them change color instantly. Next to that, a lot of Cephalopods, especially squid and cuttlefish, also use bioluminescence produced by bacterial symbionts.
IL5-008 Crinoid cuttlefish, Sepia sp.

Sepia sp.

Crinoid cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Nudi falls

IL5-134 Crinoid cuttlefish, Sepia sp. 2

Sepia sp.

Crinoid cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Nudi falls

  IL1-52 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 2

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2002
Dive site: Hairball II

IL1-53 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 3

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2002
Dive site: Hairball II

IL1-48 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 1

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2002
Dive site: Jahir

IL3-085 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 1

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2008
Dive site: Kuda laut I

IL3-086 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 2

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2008
Dive site: Kuda laut I

IL3-087 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 3

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish, hunting

Lembeh, Indonesia 2008
Dive site: Kuda laut I

IL3-011 eggs of Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi, eggs

Flamboyant cuttlefish eggs

Lembeh, Indonesia 2008
Dive site: Kuda laut II

IAM-105 juvenile Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish, juvenile

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Hatiwe

IL4-051 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 2

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jahir

IL4-073 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jahir (night dive)

IL4-076 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jahir (night dive)

IL4-060 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish, hunting

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Rojos

IL4-210 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 1

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jahir

FNE-067 eggs Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish eggs

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Punta

FNE-071 hunting Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish, hunting

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Punta

FNE-068 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Punta

IL5-124 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Jahir

IL5-006 hunting Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish, hunting

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Nudi falls

IL5-310 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Nudi falls (night dive)

IL5-178 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 2

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Jahir

IL5-177 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 1

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Jahir

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IHW-024 Needle cuttlefish, Sepia aculeata

Sepia aculeata

Needle cuttlefish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
house reef Weda resort (night dive)

IHW-152 Needle cuttlefish, Sepia aculeata

Sepia aculeata

Needle cuttlefish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
house reef Weda resort (night dive)

IB3-366_juvenile_Sepia_aculeata,_Needle_cuttlefish

Sepia aculeata

juvenile Needle cuttlefish

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Seraya slope (night dive)

  IAM-360 Stumpy-spined cuttlefish, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
house reef Maluku divers (night dive)

FNE-086 Stumpy-spined cuttlefish, Sepia bandensis 1

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: San Miguel

FNE-087 Stumpy-spined cuttlefish, Sepia bandensis 2

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: San Miguel

FNE-216 Stumpy-spined cuttlefish, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: San Miguel (night dive)

FM2-341 Stumpy-spined cuttlefish, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Banlot (night dive)

IL5-128 Stumpy-spined cuttlefish, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
house reef Divers Lodge Lembeh (night dive)

IRA-111 wounded Stumpy-spined Cuttlefishes, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

wounded Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Kri eco (night dive)

IRA-233 Stumpy-spined cuttlefish, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Sorido (night dive)

IRA-232 Stumpy-spined Cuttlefishes, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Sorido (night dive)

IRA-288 Stumpy-spined Cuttlefishes, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Sorido (night dive)

FAN-409 Sepia bandensis, Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: house reef Portulano (night dive)

IB2-225 Golden cuttlefish, sepia esculenta

Sepia esculenta

Golden cuttlefish

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

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MKA-25 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Kapalai, Malaysia 2003
Dive site: house reef (Mandarin valley)

IGI-19 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Gili Islands, Lombok, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Shark point, Gili Trawangan

IGI-22 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Gili Islands, Lombok, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Bounty, Gili Meno

IBA-276 juvenile Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish ('before' 1st flash)

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Tulamben, USAT Liberty (night dive)

IBA-277 juvenile Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish (after 1st flash)

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Tulamben, USAT Liberty (night dive)

IBA-129 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Menjangan, Garden eel point

IAM-253 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus 1

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Laha III / Rhino

IAM-252 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus 2

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Laha III / Rhino

IL4-039 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jarijari (night dive)

IB2-083 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

FNE-072 juvenile Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish, juvenile

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Ceres

IH2-038 eye of a Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Pasir putih

IH2-178 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Pasir putih (night dive)

IL5-043 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Pantai parigi

IL5-026 juvenile Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish, juvenile

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Jahir

FAN-039 Sepia latimanus, Broadclub cuttlefish

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Anilao pier (night dive)

IB3-392_Sepia_latimanus,_Broadclub_cuttlefish

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Amed, Ghost bay

 
FRO-044_Sepia_mestus_Reaper_cuttlefish

Sepia mestus

Reaper cuttlefish

Ronblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Anchor bay

  IRA-074 undetermined cuttlefish, maybe Papuan cuttlefish, Sepia papuensis 2

Sepia papuensis?

maybe Papuan cuttlefish

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: The passage

IRA-073 undetermined cuttlefish, maybe Papuan cuttlefish, Sepia papuensis 1

Sepia papuensis?

maybe Papuan cuttlefish

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: The passage

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EDS-24 Hooded cuttlefish, Sepia prashadi

Sepia prashadi

Hooded cuttlefish

Deep South, Egypt 2004
Dive site: Fury shoal, Abu galawa

EMA-067 Hooded cuttlefish, Sepia prashadi

Sepia prashadi

Hooded cuttlefish

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis (night dive)

EMA-190 Hooded cuttlefish, Sepia prashadi

Sepia prashadi

Hooded cuttlefish

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis (night dive)

EMA-141 Hooded cuttlefish, Sepia prashadi 1

Sepia prashadi

Hooded cuttlefish ('before' 1st flash)

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis (night dive)

EMA-142 Hooded cuttlefish, Sepia prashadi 2

Sepia prashadi

Hooded cuttlefish (after 1st flash)

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis (night dive)

  IAM-027 Pygmy cuttlefish, Sepia sp.

Sepia sp.

Pygmy cuttlefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Tower

IAM-237 Pygmy cuttlefish, Sepia sp.

Sepia sp.

Pygmy cuttlefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Tower

IAM-248 Pygmy cuttlefish, Sepia sp. 1

Sepia sp.

Pygmy cuttlefish ('before' 1st flash)

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Laha III / Rhino

IAM-249 Pygmy cuttlefish, Sepia sp. 2.

Sepia sp.

Pygmy cuttlefish (after 1st flash)

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Laha III / Rhino

IAM-243 Pygmy cuttlefish, Sepia sp., male feeding female

Sepia sp. (male feeding female)

Pygmy cuttlefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Laha III / Rhino

Egypt WL/Sepia 1

Sepia sp.

undetermined cuttlefish

Wadi Lahami, Egypt 2003
Dive site: Torfa

IBA-189 unidentified cuttlefish

Sepia sp.

undetermined cuttlefish

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Kalanganyar

IHW-028 unidentified eggs Sepia sp.

Sepia sp.

unidentified eggs of Sepia sp.

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
house reef Weda resort (night dive)

IL4-252 unidentified juvenile cuttlefish 1

Sepia sp.

juvenile unidentified cuttlefish 1

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Teluk kembahu III

IL4-253 unidentified juvenile cuttlefish 2

Sepia sp.

juvenile unidentified cuttlefish 2

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Teluk kembahu III

IAM-012 unidentified dwarf cuttlefish

Sepia sp.

undetermined dwarf cuttlefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jetty (night dive)

IL5-325 undetermined juvenile cuttlefish, Sepia sp.

Sepia sp.

undetermined juvenile cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site:Air bajo III

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