By species www.diverosa.com Rokus Groeneveld & Sanne Reijs  
  back to Home Echinoderms, Sea stars  Brittle stars back to Categories   
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Although often referred to as ‘starfish’, they are not fish and 'sea star’ might be a better name. On the other hand, neither are cuttlefish or jellyfish and it changes nothing for these beautiful and diverse creatures.

Sea stars are a member of the group of animals called Echinoderms meaning ‘Spiky skin’. Other members of the Echinoderms are brittle stars, feather stars, sea cucumbers and sea urchins.
Sea stars are well known for their ability of regeneration. In general a sea star can still regenerate when only a fifth of the body remains in tact and if some of the central disk of the sea star is part of it.
Some species, such as Echinaster luzonicus and Linckia multifora also know a form of asexual reproduction; an arm is let go which regenerates into a new sea star.

There are over 1.800 different species of sea stars.
   Asteriidae 
AVI-104_Coscinasterias_muricata_Eleven-armed_seastar

Coscinasterias muricata

Eleven-armed seastar

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier (night dive)

AVI-109_Coscinasterias_muricata_Eleven-armed_seastar_1

Coscinasterias muricata

Eleven-armed seastar

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Rye pier

AVI-124_Coscinasterias_muricata_Eleven-armed_seastar_2

Coscinasterias muricata

Eleven-armed seastar

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier (night dive)

ASA-251_Coscinasterias_muricata_Eleven-armed_seastar

Coscinasterias muricata

Eleven-armed seastar

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Noarlunga reef (night dive)

AVI-150_possibly_Astrostole_sp_undetermined_sea_star

possibly Astrostole sp.

undetermined seastar

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Flinders pier (night dive)

FRO-175_undetermined_seastar_probably_Coscinasterias_sp.

probably Coscinasterias sp.

undetermined seastar

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Bon bon (night dive)

FRO-405_undetermined_sea_star_maybe_Coscinasterias_sp.

probably Coscinasterias sp.

undetermined seastar

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
house reef The three P (night dive)

  AVI-149_Uniophora_granifera

Uniophora granifera

?

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Flinders pier (night dive)

ASA-010_Uniophora_granifera_2

Uniophora granifera

?

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-229_Uniophora_granifera

Uniophora granifera

?

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-386_Uniophora_granifera_four-armed

Uniophora granifera

four-armed

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-142_Uniophora_nuda_Bare_seastar

Uniophora nuda

Bare seastar

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-228_Uniophora_nuda_Bare_seastar

Uniophora nuda

Bare seastar

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-287_Uniophora_nuda_Bare_seastar

Uniophora nuda

Bare seastar

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Port Hughes jetty

   Asterinidae
AVI-051_Meridiastra_atyphoida

Meridiastra atyphoida

Dark-tipped button star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Flinders pier

AVI-178_Meridiastra_atyphoida_Dark-tipped_button_star

Meridiastra atyphoida

Dark-tipped button star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Flinders pier

ASA-202_probably_Meridiastra_fissura

probably Meridiastra fissura

?

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Second valley jetty

AVI-131_Meridiastra_gunnii

Meridiastra gunnii

?

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Flinders pier

ASA-250_Meridiastra_gunnii

Meridiastra gunnii

?

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Noarlunga reef (night dive)

AVI-031_probably_Meridiastra_gunnii

probably Meridiastra gunnii

?

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Flinders pier (night dive)

ASA-051_probably_Meridiastra_gunnii

probably Meridiastra gunnii

?

South Australia 2018
Port Victoria jetty (night dive)

AVI-072_possibly_Meridiastra_medius

probably Meridiastra medius

?

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Flinders pier

   
   Asteropseidae 
FM2-207_probably_Asteropsis_carinifera_Sheriff-badge_sea_star

probably Asteropsis carinifera

Sheriff-badge sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
house reef Magic island (night dive)

  ASA-012_Petricia_vernicina_Velvet_sea_star_2

Petricia vernicina

Velvet sea star

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Noarlunga reef (night dive)

ASA-004_Petricia_vernicina_Velvet_sea_star_1

Petricia vernicina

Velvet sea star

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-252_Petricia_vernicina_Velvet_sea_star

Petricia vernicina

Velvet sea star

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Noarlunga reef (night dive)

ASA-254_Petricia_vernicina_Velvet_sea_star

Petricia vernicina

Velvet sea star

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Edithburg jetty

ASA-323_Petricia_vernicina_Velvet_sea_star

Petricia vernicina

Velvet sea star

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Edithburg jetty (night dive)

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   Astropectinidae 
IH2-211 Comb sea star, Astropecten andersoni

Astropecten andersoni

Comb sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Airstrip (night dive)

IL3-283 juvenile Comb sea star, Astropecten polyacanthus

Astropecten polyacanthus

juvenile Comb sea star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2008
Dive site:Teluk kembahu II (night dive)

IB2-178 Comb sea star, Astropecten polyacanthus

Astropecten polyacanthus

Comb sea star

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

FRO-347_Astropecten_polyacanthus_Comb_sea_star

Astropecten polyacanthus

Comb sea star

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Agnay desert (night dive)

IAM-311_Astropecten_polyacanthus_Comb_star

Astropecten polyacanthus

Comb star

Ambon, Indonesia, 2010
house reef Maluku divers (night dive)

IHW-217 Comb sea star, Astropecten polyacanthus

Astropecten sp.

maybe Painted sand star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: new jetty (night dive)

IL2-089 Comb seastar, Astropecten sp.

Astropecten sp.

?

Lembeh, Indonesia 2006
Dive site: Jahir

IGI-082 Comb seastar, Astropecten sp

Astropecten sp.

?

Gili islands, Lombok, Indonesia 2009
Gili Trawangan, Stingray (night dive)

IBA-150 Comb sea star, Astropecten sp.

Astropecten sp.

?

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Secret bay

IL5-127 undetermined sea star, Astropecten sp.

Astropecten sp.

?

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
house reef Divers Lodge Lembeh (night dive)

IL5-309 undetermined sea star, Astropecten sp.

Astropecten sp.

?

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Jahir (night dive)

IB3-267_Astropecten_sp.,_undetermined_spiny_star

Astropecten sp.

?

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Puri jati (night dive)

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   Echinasteridae
IL4-275 Thick-skinned Sea Star, Echinaster callosus with Acoel flatworms

Echinaster callosus

Thick-skinned sea star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Pulau serena

IB3-120_Coeloplana_astericola_on_Echinaster_callosus

Echinaster callosus

Thick-skinned sea star (top side)

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Padang bay, Turtle neck

IB3-121_Zenopontonia_soror,_Seastar_shrimp,_on_Echinaster_callosus,_underside

Echinaster callosus

Thick-skinned sea star (bottom side)

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Padang bay, Turtle neck

IB3-294_Echinaster_callosus,_Banded_bubble_staR

Echinaster callosus

Banded bubble star

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Tulamben, Liberty (night dive)

IMI-275_Echinaster_callosus_Warty_sea_star

Echinaster callosus

Banded bubble star

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Batu lihunu

  IBA-235 comb jelly Coeloplana astericola on Luzon sea star, Echinaster luzonicus

Echinaster luzonicus

Luzon sea star

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Tulamben, USAT Liberty (night dive)

IAM-268 Luzon sea star, Echinaster luzonicus

Echinaster luzonicus

regenerating Luzon sea star

Ambon, Indonesia, 2010
house reef Maluku divers (night dive)

IAM-230 Luzon sea star, Echinaster luzonicus

Echinaster luzonicus

Luzon sea star

Ambon, Indonesia, 2010
house reef Maluku divers (night dive)

IHW-175 Luzon sea star, Echinaster luzonicus

Echinaster luzonicus

Luzon sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Shark reef

IHW-191 Luzon sea star, Echinaster luzonicus

Echinaster luzonicus

Luzon sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Kampung witou

IB2-224 Luzon sea star, Echinaster luzonicus

Echinaster luzonicus

Luzon sea star

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

IB2-116 Luzon sea star, Echinaster luzonicus

Echinaster luzonicus

Luzon sea star

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Seraya

IB2-215 Luzon sea star, Echinaster luzonicus with comb jellies Coeloplana astericola

Echinaster luzonicus

Luzon sea star

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Seraya

IL5-140 Luzon sea star, Echinaster luzonicus

Echinaster luzonicus

Luzon sea star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Nudi falls

IB3-137_Echinaster_luzonicus,_Luzon_sea_star

Echinaster luzonicus

Luzon sea star

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Mejangan, Eel garden

IMI-216_Echinaster_luzonicus_Luzon_sea_star

Echinaster luzonicus

Luzon sea star

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
house reef Mimpi Indah (night dive)

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   Goniasteridae
Ghardaqa seastar, Fromia ghardaqana

Fromia ghardaqana

Ghardaqa sea star

Wadi Lahami, Egypt 2003
Dive site: Torfa

EMA-062 Ghardaqa brittle star, Fromia ghardaqana

Fromia ghardaqana

Ghardaqa sea star

Marsa alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis (night dive)

IRA-230 four-armed Fromia hemiopla

four-armed Fromia hemiopla

?

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Sorido (night dive)

IRA-053 Indian sea star, Fromia indica

Fromia indica

Indian sea star

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Sorido (night dive)

IB3-473_Fromia_indica,_Indian_sea_star

Fromia indica

Indian sea star

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Padang bay, Turtle neck

IH2-138 Red sea star or Thousand-pores sea star, Fromia milleporella

Fromia milleporella

Thousand-pores sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Gemaf coral

IMI-211_Fromia_milleporella

Fromia milleporella

Thousand-pores sea star

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
house reef Mimpi Indah (night dive)

MKA-30 Necklace sea star, Fromia monilis

Fromia monilis

Necklace sea star

Kapalai, Malaysia 2003
Dive site: house reef Mandarin valley

FMI-187 Necklace sea star, Fromia monilis

Fromia monilis

Necklace sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Kasai wall

IGI-069 Necklace Sea Star, Fromia monilis

Fromia monilis

Necklace sea star

Gili islands, Lombok, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Gili Meno, Bounty

IAM-161 Necklace sea star, Fromia monilis

Fromia monilis

Necklace sea star

Ambon, Indonesia, 2010
Dive site: Air manis

IHW-141 Necklace sea star, Fromia monilis 2

Fromia monilis

Necklace sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Shark reef

IH2-197 Necklace sea star, Fromia monilis

Fromia monilis

Necklace sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Elmo's reef

IH2-137 Necklace sea star, Fromia monilis

Fromia monilis

Necklace sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Gemaf coral

IH2-102 Necklace sea star, Fromia monilis 1

Fromia monilis

Necklace sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Luleo I

IRA-266 Necklace sea star, Fromia monilis

Fromia monilis

Necklace sea star

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Yenbuba jetty

IB3-470_Fromia_monilis,_Red_tile_seastar

Fromia monilis

Red tile sea star

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Padang bay, Turtle neck

IMI-008_Fromia_monilis_Red_tile_sea_star

Fromia monilis

Red tile sea star

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
house reef Mimpi Indah (night dive)

IMI-133_Fromia_monilis_Red_tile_seastar

Fromia monilis

Red tile sea star

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: house reef Mimpi Indah

IMI-147_Fromia_monilis_Red_tile_sea_star

Fromia monilis

Red tile sea star

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Tanjung husi 3

IL3-279 Pacific starfish, Monolis pacifica

Fromia pacifica

Pacific sea star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2008
Dive site: Nudi falls

IMI-238_Fromia_pacifica

Fromia pacifica

Pacific sea star

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Busa bora 2

IMI-181_Fromia_pacifica

Fromia pacifica

Pacific sea star

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Tanjung Totohe

  ASA-003_Nectria_ocellata

Nectria ocellata

?

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

IB3-386_Neoferdina_cumingi,_Cumings_sea_star

Neoferdina cumingi

Cumings sea star

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Amed, Japanese wreck

IMA-11 Plated star, Neoferdina glyptodisca

Neoferdina glyptodisca

Plated sea star

Manado, Indonesia 2002
Dive site: House reef Aquanaut Manado

IBA-117 Neoferdina offreti

Neoferdina offreti

?

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Turtle neck (night dive)

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IB3-445_maybe_Pawsonaster_sp.

maybe Pawsonaster sp.

?

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Seraya

ASA-006_Pentagonaster_duebeni_Vermillion_seastar_4

Pentagonaster duebeni

Vermillion seastar

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-026_Pentagonaster_duebeni_Vermillion_seastar_1

Pentagonaster duebeni

Vermillion seastar

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-027_Pentagonaster_duebeni_Vermillion_seastar_2

Pentagonaster duebeni

Vermillion seastar

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-140_Pentagonaster_duebeni_Vermillion_seastar_1

Pentagonaster duebeni

Vermillion seastar

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-153_Pentagonaster_duebeni_Vermillion_seastar_2

Pentagonaster duebeni

Vermillion seastar

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-156_Pentagonaster_duebeni_Vermillion_seastar_3

Pentagonaster duebeni

Vermillion seastar

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-218_Pentagonaster_duebeni_Vermillion_seastar_1

Pentagonaster duebeni

Vermillion seastar

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-224_Pentagonaster_duebeni_Vermillion_seastar_2

Pentagonaster duebeni

Vermillion seastar

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

  ASA-036_Tosia_australis_Common_biscuit_star

Tosia australis

Common biscuit star

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

AVI-068_Tosia_australis_Common_biscuit_star_2

Tosia australis

Common biscuit star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier (night dive)

AVI-069_Tosia_australis_Common_biscuit_star

Tosia australis

Common biscuit star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier

AVI-092_Tosia_australis_Common_biscuit_star_2

Tosia australis

Common biscuit star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier

AVI-093_Tosia_australis_Common_biscuit_star_3

Tosia australis

Common biscuit star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier

AVI-094_Tosia_australis_Common_biscuit_star_4

Tosia australis

Common biscuit star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier

AVI-137_Tosia_australis_Common_biscuit_star

Tosia australis

Common biscuit star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier

ASA-162_Tosia_australis_Common_biscuit_star_1

Tosia australis

Common biscuit star

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-163_Tosia_australis_Common_biscuit_star_2

Tosia australis

Common biscuit star

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-164_Tosia_australis_Common_biscuit_star_3

Tosia australis

Common biscuit star

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-166_Tosia_australis_Common_biscuit_star_4

Tosia australis

Common biscuit star

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

  AVI-115_Tosia_australis_left_and_Tosia_magnifica_right

T. australis & T. magnifica

biscuit stars

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier (night dive)

  AVI-008_Tosia_magnifica_Magnificent_biscuit_seastar_2

Tosia magnifica

Magnificent biscuit star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Rye pier

AVI-006_Tosia_magnifica_Magnificent_biscuit_seastar_1

Tosia magnifica

Magnificent biscuit star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier

AVI-007_Tosia_magnifica_Magnificent_biscuit_seastar_2

Tosia magnifica

Magnificent biscuit star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Rye pier

AVI-110_Tosia_magnifica_Magnificent_biscuit_seastar_1

Tosia magnifica

Magnificent biscuit star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Rye pier

AVI-118_Tosia_magnifica_Magnificent_biscuit_seastar_2

Tosia magnifica

Magnificent biscuit star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Rye pier

AVI-168_Tosia_magnifica_Magnificent_biscuit_seastar_1

Tosia magnifica

Magnificent biscuit star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Rye pier

ASA-393_Tosia_magnifica_Magnificent_biscuit_seastar

Tosia magnifica

Magnificent biscuit star

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

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AVI-001_probably_Tosia_neossia_Biscuit_star

probably Tosia neossia

biscuit star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier (night dive)

AVI-067_Tosia_neossia_Biscuit_star

Tosia neossia

biscuit star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier (night dive)

AVI-106_Tosia_neossia_Biscuit_star

Tosia neossia

biscuit star

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Rye pier

ASA-275_Tosia_neossia_Biscuit_star

Tosia neossia

biscuit star

South Australia 2018
Port Victoria jetty (night dive)

   Ophidiasteridae
IRA-177 Austrofromia polypora

Austrofromia polypora ?

?

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Maya mimpy

  IL3-282 Hefferman’s star, Celerina heffermani

Celerina heffermani

Hefferman’s star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2008
Dive site: Magic rock

IH2-250 Hefferman's star, Celerina heffernani

Celerina heffermani

Hefferman’s star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Pasir putih III

 
EDS-21 Egyptian sea star, Gomophia egyptiaca

Gomophia egyptiaca

Egyptian sea star

Deep South, Egypt 2004
Dive site: Fury Shoal, Sha'ab Claudia

Egyptian sea star, Gomophia egyptica

Gomophia egyptiaca

Egyptian sea star

Wadi Lahami, Egypt 2003
Dive site: Torfa

IRA-163 Watson's star, Gomophia watsoni

Gomophia watsoni

Watson's star

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Kri eco (night dive)

  EMA-209_Leiaster_leachi_Handsome_star

Leiaster leachi

Handsome star

Marsa alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis (night dive)

IMI-314_Linckia_guildingi

Linckia guildingi

?

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Tanjung Totohe

IMI-269_Linckia_guildingi

Linckia guildingi

?

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Batu lihunu

FMI-196 Blue sea star, Linckia laevigata

Linckia laevigata

Blue sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Panagsama beach

FMI-085 Blue sea star, Linckia laevigata

Linckia laevigata

Blue sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Pescador east

IL4-205 Blue sea star, Linckia laevigata

Linckia laevigata

Blue sea star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Pintu kolada

IHW-258 Blue sea star, Linckia laevigata

Linckia laevigata

Blue sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Gemaf

FNE-182 Blue sea star, Linckia laevigata

Linckia laevigata

Blue sea star

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Apo island, Coconut point

FM2-151 Blue sea star, Linckia laevigata

Linckia laevigata

Blue sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Pescador west

FM2-236 six-armed sub-adult blue star, Linckia laevigata

Linckia laevigata

six-armed sub-adult Blue sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
house reef Magic island (night dive)

IMI-273_Linckia_laevigata_Blue_sea_star

Linckia laevigata

Blue sea star

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Batu lihunu

EDS-18 Multi-pore sea star or Comet sea star, Linckia multifora

Linckia multifora

Multi-pore or Comet sea Star

Deep South, Egypt 2004
Dive site: Fury Shoal, Sataya south

IAM-384 Multi-pore sea star or Comet sea star, Linckia multifora

Linckia multifora

Multi-pore or Comet sea star

Ambon, Indonesia, 2010
Dive site: Laha III (night dive)

IHW-036 Multi-pore sea star or Comet sea star, Linckia multifora 2

Linckia multifora

Multi-pore or Comet sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: N 00.28.218 / E 128.03.389

IHW-196 Multi-pore sea star or Comet sea star, Linckia multifora

Linckia multifora

Multi-pore or Comet sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Fish fountain

IHW-163 Multi-pore sea star or Comet sea star, Linckia multifora 1

Linckia multifora

Multi-pore or Comet sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: N 00.28.218 / E 128.03.389

IHW-198 Multi-pore sea star or Comet sea star, Linckia multifora

Linckia multifora

Multi-pore or Comet sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Fish fountain

IH2-199 Comet sea star, Linckia multifora

Linckia multifora

Multi-pore or Comet sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Elmo's reef

IH2-261 Comet sea star, Linckia multifora

Linckia multifora

Multi-pore or Comet sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Kobe jetty

IRA-261 Multi-pore sea star or Comet sea star, Linckia multifora

Linckia multifora

Multi-pore or Comet sea star

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Yenbuba jetty

IRA-221 Spotted linckia or Multi-pore sea star, Linckia multifora

Linckia multifora

Multi-pore or Comet sea star

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Chicken bayy

IMI-252_Linckia_multifora

Linckia multifora

Multi-pore or Comet sea star

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
house reef Mimpi Indah (night dive)

IMI-141_Linckia_multifora_arm

Linckia multifora

Multi-pore or Comet sea star, arm

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
house reef Mimpi Indah (night dive)

  IRA-203_Nardoa_frianti

Nardoa frianti

?

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Kri eco

FRO-207_probably_Nardoa_frianti

probably Nardoa frianti

?

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Bangug check (night dive)

IRA-139_maybe_Nardoa_frianti

maybe Nardoa frianti

?

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Kri eco (night dive)

IAM-347_maybe_Nardoa_gomophia

maybe Nardoa gomophia

?

Ambon, Indonesia, 2010
Dive site: Devion point

IBA-211 New Caledonian star, Nardoa novaecaledoniae

Nardoa novaecaledoniae

New Caledonian star

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Tulamben, Coral garden

IB2-153 New Caledonian star, Nardoa novaecaledoniae

Nardoa novaecaledoniae

New Caledonian star

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

FM2-326 undetermined sea star, Nardoa sp.

Nardoa tuberculata

Mottled sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Banlot (night dive)

FAN-199 Nardoa tuberculata, Mottled sea star

Nardoa tuberculata

Mottled sea star

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Bethlehem

IMI-220_Nardoa_tuberculata

Nardoa sp.

?

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Areng kambing 1

  IMI-143_Ophidiaster_sp_undetermined_sea_star

Ophidiaster sp.

?

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
house reef Mimpi Indah (night dive)

 
   Oreasteridae
FM2-051 Pentagon star, Bothriaster primigenius

Bothriaster primigenius

Pentagon star

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
house reef Magic island (night dive)

IRA-017 Bothriaster primigenius

Bothriaster primigenius

Pentagon star

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Kri eco (night dive)

FAN-228 juvenile Bothriaster primigenius, Pentagon star

maybe Bothriaster primigenius

juvenile Pentagon star ?

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Bethlehem

IMI-193_Bothriaster_primigenius

Bothriaster primigenius

Pentagon star

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
house reef Mimpi Indah (night dive)

FMI-195 Granulated sea star, Choriaster granulatus

Choriaster granulatus

Granulated sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Panagsama beach

IH2-234 Granulated sea star, Choriaster granulatus

Choriaster granulatus

Granulated sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Pasir gorango

IB3-175_Choriaster_granulatus,_Granulated_sea_star

Choriaster granulatus

Granulated sea star

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Mejangan, Mimpi chanel (night dive)

FMI-276 Pincushion seastar, Culcita novaeguineae

Culcita novaeguineae

Pincushion sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Pescador, south-east

IL1-14 Pincushion  seastar, Culcita novaeguineae

Culcita novaeguineae

underside of a Pincushion sea star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2002
Dive site: Jahir

IHW-244 Pincushion  sea star, Culcita novaeguineae

Culcita novaeguineae

Pincushion sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Tidore

IB2-321 sub-adult Pincushion star, Culcita novaeguineae

Culcita novaeguineae

sub-adult Pincushion sea star

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

IB2-148 Pincushion star, Culcita novaeguineae

Culcita novaeguineae

Pincushion sea star

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

FM2-003 juvenile Pincushion star, Culcita novaeguineae

Culcita novaeguineae

juvenile Pincushion sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
house reef Magic island (night dive)

FAN-345 Culcita novaeguineae, Cushion star

Culcita novaeguineae

Pincushion sea star

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: house reef Portulano

IB3-430_juvenile_Culcita_novaeguineae,_Pin-cushion_sea_star

Culcita novaeguineae

juvenile Pincushion sea star

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Tulamben, between Drop off / Coral garden

IB2-146_probably_juvenile_Culcita_novaeguineae_Pincushion_star

probably Culcita novaeguineae

juvenile Pincushion star

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

  IL4-257 Pentaster obtusatus

Pentaster obtusatus

Blunt arm sea star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Teluk kembahu III

FMI-233 Pentaceraster alveolatus

Pentaceraster alveolatus

General colored sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Pescador, south-east (night dive)

FM2-043 Pentaceraster alveolatus

Pentaceraster alveolatus

General colored sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
house reef Magic island (night dive)

FRO-418_Pentaceraster_alveolatus_General_colored_sea_star

Pentaceraster alveolatus

General colored sea star

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
house reef The three P (night dive)

IL4-049 Red tubercled sea star, Pentaceraster tuberculatus 1

Pentaceraster tuberculatus

Red tubercled sea star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jahir

IL4-050 Red tubercled sea star, Pentaceraster tuberculatus 2

Pentaceraster tuberculatus

Red tubercled sea star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jahir

FM2-089 Pentaceraster sp.

Pentaceraster sp.

?

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
dive site: house reef Magic island

FMI-037 Horned Sea Star, Protoreaster nodosus

Protoreaster nodosus

juvenile Horned sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
house reef Magic island (night dive)

FMI-232, Horned Sea Star, Protoreaster nodosus

Protoreaster nodosus

Horned sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Pescador, south-east (night dive)

FRO-184_Protoreaster_nodosus_Chocolate_chip_seastar_1

Protoreaster nodosus

Horned sea star

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Bangug 3 (night dive)

FRO-185_Protoreaster_nodosus_Chocolate_chip_seastar_2

Protoreaster nodosus

Horned sea star

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Bangug 3 (night dive)

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  Other sea stars
FMI-177 Crown of thorns sea star, Acanthaster planci

Acanthaster planci

Crown of thorns sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
house reef Magic island (night dive)

FMI-229 Crown of thorns sea star, Acanthaster planci

Acanthaster planci

Crown of thorns sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
house reef Magic island (night dive)

FM2-121 Crown of thorns sea star, Acanthaster planci 1

Acanthaster planci

Crown of thorns sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: house reef Magic island

FM2-224 Crown of thorns sea star, Acanthaster planci

Acanthaster planci

Crown of thorns sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
house reef Magic island (night dive)

FM2-202 Crown of thorns sea star, Acanthaster planci

Acanthaster planci

Crown of thorns sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
house reef Magic island (night dive)

FM2-144 Crown of thorns sea star, Acanthaster planci 1

Acanthaster planci

Crown of thorns sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
house reef Magic island (night dive)

IH2-078 Crown of thorns sea star, Acanthaster planci

Acanthaster planci

Crown of thorns sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Shark reef

FRO-441_Acanthaster_planci_juvenile_Crown_of_thorns_sea_star

Acanthaster planci

juvenile Crown of thorns sea star

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Bon bon (night dive)

FRO-272_Acanthaster_planci_Crown_of_thorns_sea_star

Acanthaster planci

Crown of thorns sea star

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Bangug 3 (night dive)

ASA-015_Allostichaster_polyplax

Allostichaster polyplax

Many-armed seastar

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Noarlunga reef (night dive)

ASA-126_Allostichaster_polyplax_Many-armed_seastar

Allostichaster polyplax

Many-armed seastar

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Flinders pier

ASA-355_Allostichaster_polyplax_Many-armed_seastar

Allostichaster polyplax

Many-armed seastar

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Edithburg jetty (night dive)

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IAM-299 Skirted star, Aquilonastra cepheus

Aquilonastra cepheus

Skirted star

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
house reef Maluku divers (night dive)

IAM-297 unidentified Aquilonastra sp.

unidentified Aquilonastra sp.

?

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
house reef Maluku divers (night dive)

IL4-158 Angular star, Archaster angulatus

Archaster angulatus

Angular star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Serena basar (night dive)

IHW-254 Speckled sea star, Luidia maculata

Luidia maculata

Eight-armed sea star or Speckled sea star

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
house reef Weda resort (night dive)

FAN-150 Luidia maculata, Eight-armed sea star

Luidia maculata

Eight-armed sea star or Speckled sea star

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Anilao pier (night dive)

IL5-235 Seven-armed sand star, Luidia savignyi

?

undetermined sea star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Air prang (night dive)

FM2-179 undetermined nine-armed sea star, Luidia sp.

Luidia sp.

undetermined nine-armed sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Goby point (night dive)

FM2-105_Mithrodia_clavigera_Nail_sea_star

Mithrodia clavigera

Nail sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
house reef Magic island (night dive)

IMI-339_Mithrodia_clavigera_Nail_sea_star

Mithrodia clavigera

Nail sea star

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
house reef Mimpi Indah (night dive)

IMI-003_probably_Thromidia_catalai

probably Thromidia catalai

?

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
house reef Mimpi Indah (night dive)

IL4-190 unidentified juvenile sea star

?

unidentified juvenile (?) sea star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jarijari (night dive)

FM2-346 undetermined sea star

?

undetermined sea star

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Banlot (night dive)

  Living on a star

IB2-227 Sea star shrimp, Periclimenes soror on a Pincushion  sea star, Culcita novaeguineae

Periclimenes soror

Sea star shrimp

on Culcita novaeguineae

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

IL4-042 Rounded sea star shrimp, Zenopontonia noverca

Zenopontonia noverca

Rounded sea star shrimp

on Culcita novaeguineae

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jarijari (night dive)

IL4-099 Thick-skinned sea star, Echinaster callosus with Periclimenes soror and Acoel flatworms

Periclimenes soror

Sea star shrimp

on Echinaster callosus

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Pulau serena

IGI-084 Carla’s Scale Worm, Asterophilia carlae, on Luzon sea star, Echinaster luzonicus

Asterophilia carlae

Carla’s scale worm

on Echinaster luzonicus

Gili islands, Lombok, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Gili Trawangan, Stingray

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IAM-254 comb jellies Coeloplana astericola on Luzon sea star, Echinaster luzonicus

Coeloplana astericola

comb jellies

on Echinaster luzonicus

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Midpoint

IAM-067 comb jellies Coeloplana astericola

Coeloplana astericola

comb jellies

on Echinaster luzonicus

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: DJ point

IB2-104 Sea star shrimp, Periclimenes soror, on Luzon sea star, Echinaster luzonicus

Periclimenes soror

Sea star shrimp

on Echinaster luzonicus

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Seraya

  IL2-099 Blue sea star, Linckia laevigata with Carla’s Scale Worm, Asterophilia carlae

Asterophilia carlae

Carla’s scale worm,

on Linckia laevigata

Lembeh, Indonesia 2006
Dive site:The new place / Fish factory

IAM-003 Thyca crystallina on Blue sea star, Linckia laevigata

Thyca crystallina

Blue Linckia Snail

on Linckia laevigata

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Amahusu

IHW-078 Thyca crystallina on sea star, Linckia laevigata

Thyca crystallina

Blue Linckia Snail

on Linckia laevigata

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Tidore

IAM-002 Sea star shrimp, Periclimenes soror

Periclimenes soror

Sea star shrimp

on Linckia laevigata

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Amahusu

IHW-050 Sea star shrimp, Periclimenes soror

Periclimenes soror

Sea star shrimp

on Linckia laevigata

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: N 00.28.226 / E 128.03.402

 
IBA-315 Sea star shrimp, Periclimenes soror

Periclimenes soror

Sea star shrimp

on Nardoa novaecaledoniae

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Turtle neck / Bloo lagoon

IB2-051 Sea star shrimp, Periclimenes soror

Periclimenes soror

Sea star shrimp

on Nardoa novaecaledoniae

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Kubu, Batu kembar

  IAM-370 Rounded sea star shrimp, Zenopontonia noverca

Zenopontonia noverca

Rounded sea star shrimp

on Protoreaster nodosus

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Hatiwe

 
  Brittle stars for Dutch sea stars: click here back to Categories  
IL4-110 Mud brittle star, Amphiura sp.

Amphiura sp.

Burrowing (or Mud) brittle star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Hairball (night dive)

FNE-177 Burrowing brittle star, Amphiura sp.

Amphiura sp.

Burrowing (or Mud) brittle star

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: house reef Atlantis (night dive)

  IMI-255_Ophiarachna_affinis

Ophiarachna affinis

?

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
house reef Mimpi Indah (night dive)

FM2-108 Stout green brittlestar, Ophiarachna incrassata

Ophiarachna incrassata

Stout green brittlestar

Cebu, Philippines 2012
house reef Magic Island (night dive)

IL4-130 Painted brittle star, Ophiarthrum pictum

Ophiarthrum pictum

Painted brittle star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2006
house reef Divers Lodge Lembeh (night dive)

FM2-081 Painted brittle star, Ophiarthrum pictum

Ophiarthrum pictum

Painted brittle star

Cebu, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Banlot (night dive)

IL5-130 Painted brittle star, Ophiarthrum pictum

Ophiarthrum pictum

Painted brittle star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
house reef Divers Lodge Lembeh (night dive)

FM2-049 Dark red-spined brittle star, Ophiothrix purpurea, Ophiothrix purpurea

Ophiarthrum purpurea

Dark red-spined brittle star

Cebu, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Bantayan

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IMI-069_Ophiocomidae_sp_undetermined_brittle_star

family Ophiocomidae

undetermined brittle star

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
house reef Mimpi Indah (night dive)

  IAM-312 Superb brittle star, Ophiolepis superba

Ophiolepis superba

Superb brittle star

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
house reef Maluku divers (night dive)

FM2-172 Superb brittle star, Ophiolepis superba

Ophiolepis superba

Superb brittle star

Cebu, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Goby point (night dive)

FAN-331 Ophiolepis superba, Banded brittle star

Ophiolepis superba

Superb brittle star

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: house reef Portulano (night dive)

FNE-121 Variable brittle star, Ophiomastix variabilis

Ophiomastix variabilis

Variable brittle star

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: house reef Atlantis (night dive)

FNE-128 Variable brittle star, Ophiomastix variabilis

Ophiomastix variabilis

Variable brittle star

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: house reef Atlantis (night dive)

IL5-163 Variable brittle star, Ophiomastix variabilis

Ophiomastix variabilis

Variable brittle star

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Monument (night dive)

IMI-233_Ophiomastix_variabilis_Black_brittle_star

Ophiomastix variabilis

Black brittle star

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
house reef Mimpi Indah (night dive)

FM2-306 Janus' brittle star, Ophiomastix janualis

Ophiomastix janualis

Janus' brittle star

Cebu, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Banlot (night dive)

ASA-319_Ophiomyxa_australis.

Ophiomyxa australis

?

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Edithburg jetty

ASA-379_Ophiomyxa_australis

Ophiomyxa australis

?

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Noarlunga reef (night dive)

AVI-157_maybe_Ophiomyxa_australis

maybe Ophiomyxa australis

?

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Flinders pier

ASA-171_Ophionereis_schayeri_Banded_brittle_star

Ophionereis schayeri

Banded brittle star

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-225_maybe_Ophionereis_schayeri

maybe Ophionereis schayeri

Banded brittle star?

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

FCA-70 brittlestar, Ophiothrix exigua

Ophiothrix exigua

?

Cabilao, Philippines 2005
Dive site: Lighthouse

BON-057 Sponge brittle star, Ophiothrix suensonii on Stove-pipe sponge, Aplysina archeri

Ophiothrix suensonii

Sponge brittle star

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Reef scientifico (night dive)

BON-179 Sponge brittle star, Ophiothrix suensonii

Ophiothrix suensonii

Sponge brittle star

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Reef scientifico (night dive)

IB3-315_probably_Ophiothrix_sp,_brittle_star_on_Linckia_laevigata,_Blue_sea_star

probably Ophiothrix sp.

undetermined brittle star

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Tulamben, house reef Ocean view

IRA-342 undetermined brittle stars, family Ophiotrichidae, on coral

family Ophiotrichidae

undetermined brittle stars

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: The passage

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IB3-411_undetermined_brittlestar

?

undetermined brittle star

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Ghost bay (night dive)

FRO-354_undetermined_brittle_star

?

undetermined brittle star

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Agnay desert (night dive)

FRO-370_undetermined_brittle_star

?

undetermined brittle star

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Agnay desert (night dive)