By species www.diverosa.com Rokus Groeneveld & Sanne Reijs  
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Together with clown-anemone fishes (Amphiprion, Premnas) Damsel make up the family Pomacentridae, with over 320 different species. They are small, active and often brightly colored inhabitants of reefs. Most species, about 240 out of over 320, are found in the Indo-Pacific. The rest lives mostly in the Atlantic oceans, although there are also some species in more temperate areas and some species even call fresh water their home. They often swing in schools or pairs and are sometimes referred to as demoiselle fish.
Best know member of the Pomacentridae, especially after ‘Finding Nemo’, are the clown-anemone fishes. They have an interesting social life. The largest and dominant one in a strong hierarchy is the female, often living with a group of smaller males. In this group, only the largest male can fertilize the female. The other males are all sterile.

But when the female dies, the largest male has a sex change and becomes a female, working ovaries included. Together with that, the second largest male becomes fertile and therefore the dominant male. Order is restored.
Red sea anemonefish, Amphiprion bicinctus 2

Amphiprion bicinctus

Red sea anemonefish

Wadi Lahami, Egypt 2003
Dive site: Shaab lahami north

Red sea anemonefish, Amphiprion bicinctus 3

Amphiprion bicinctus

Red sea anemonefish

Wadi Lahami, Egypt 2003
Dive site: Ras bonne

Red sea anemonefish, Amphiprion bicinctus 1

Amphiprion bicinctus

Red sea anemonefish

Wadi Lahami, Egypt 2003
Dive site: Iron garden

EHA-25 Red sea anemonefish, Amphiprion bicinctus

Amphiprion bicinctus

Red sea anemonefish

Hamata, Egypt 2007
Dive site: Shaab hamam

EMA-065 Twoband anemonefish, Amphiprion bicinctus

Amphiprion bicinctus

Red sea anemonefish

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis

EMA-091 Twoband anemonefish, Amphiprion bicinctus

Amphiprion bicinctus

Red sea anemonefish

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis

IAM-075_Clarks_anemonefish_Amphiprion_clarkii_with_eggs

Amphiprion clarkii

Clark's anemonefish with eggs

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jetty

Amphiprion clarkii

eggs of Clark's anemonefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jetty

IH2-242_Clarks_Anemonefish_Amphiprion_clarkii

Amphiprion clarkii

Clark's anemonefish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Fish fountain

FAN-020_Amphiprion_clarkii_Clarks_anemonefish

Amphiprion clarkii

Clark's anemonefish

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Bethlehem

FAN-198_Amphiprion_clarkii_Clarks_anemonefish_2

Amphiprion clarkii

Clark's anemonefish

Anilao, Philippines 2015
dive site: Bethlehem

FAN-258_Amphiprion_clarkii_Clarks_anemonefish

Amphiprion clarkii

Clark's anemonefish

Anilao, Philippines 2015
dive site: Mural

FCA-55 Tomato anemonefish, Amphiprion frenatus

Amphiprion frenatus

Tomato anemonefish

Cabilao, Philippines 2005
Dive site: Lighthouse

FPG-30 Tomato anemonefish, Amphiprion frenatus

Amphiprion frenatus

Tomato anemonefish

Puerto Galera, Philippines 2005
Dive site: Ernies point

FNE-115 Tomato anemonefish, Amphiprion frenatus

Amphiprion frenatus

Tomato anemonefish

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Paliton, sanctuary

FCA-18 Clown anemonefish, Amphiprion ocellaris

Amphiprion ocellaris

Clown anemonefish

Cabilao, Philippines 2005
Dive site: house reef Polaris, north

FCA-14 Clown anemonefish, Amphiprion ocellaris

Amphiprion ocellaris

Clown anemonefish

Cabilao, Philippines 2005
Dive site: 3 Coconuts

FMI-022 Clown anemonefish, Amphiprion ocellaris

Amphiprion ocellaris

Clown anemonefish

Cebu, Philippines 2007
Dive site: Pescador east

FMI-066 Clown-anemonefish, Amphiprion ocellaris

Amphiprion ocellaris

Clown anemonefish

Cebu, Philippines 2007
Dive site: Ravanala

IGI-33 Clown anemonefish, Amphiprion ocellaris

Amphiprion ocellaris

Clown anemonefish

Gili islands, Lombok, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Manta point, Gili Trawangan

IGI-11 Clown anemonefish, Amphiprion ocellaris

Amphiprion ocellaris

Clown anemonefish

Gili islands, Lombok, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Halik, Gili Trawangan

IHW-233 Clown anemonefish, Amphiprion ocellaris

Amphiprion ocellaris

Clown anemonefish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Tidore

FM2-119 Clown-anemonefish, Amphiprion ocellaris

Amphiprion ocellaris

Clown anemonefish

Cebu, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Fish feeding

/FAN-052 Amphiprion ocellaris, Ocellaris clownfish or False clown anemonefish

Amphiprion ocellaris

Clown anemonefish

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Bubbles

FAN-372 Amphiprion ocellaris, Ocellaris clownfish

Amphiprion ocellaris

Ocellaris clownfish

Anilao, Philippines 2015
dive site: Dive and trek

IB3-383_Amphiprion_ocellaris,_Ocellaris_clownfish

Amphiprion ocellaris

Ocellaris clownfish

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Amed, Japanese wreck

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FCA-42 Pink anemonefish, Amphiprion perideraion on Heteractis magnifica

Amphiprion perideraion

Pink anemonefish

Cabilao, Philippines 2005
Dive site: Fallen tree

FMI-068 Pink anemonefish, Amphiprion perideraion

Amphiprion perideraion

Pink anemonefish

Cebu, Philippines 2007
Dive site: White house

IBA-256 Pink anemonefish, Amphiprion perideraion

Amphiprion perideraion

Pink anemonefish

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Tulamben, Coral garden

FNE-138 Pink anemonefish, Amphiprion perideraion

Amphiprion perideraion

Pink anemonefish

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Bahura

IL5-258 Pink anemonefish, Amphiprion perideraion

Amphiprion perideraion

Pink anemonefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Pulau abadir

FAN-434 Amphiprion perideraion, Pink anemonefish

Amphiprion perideraion

Pink anemonefish

Anilao, Philippines 2015
dive site: Pinnacle

IB3-136_Amphiprion_perideraion,_Pink_anemonefish

Amphiprion perideraion

Pink anemonefish

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Menjangan, Eel garden

FM2-244 Saddleback anemonefish Amphiprion polymnus

Amphiprion polymnus

Saddleback anemonefish

Cebu, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Serena

IL5-204 Saddleback anemonefish, Amphiprion polymnus

Amphiprion polymnus

Saddleback anemonefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Pantai parigi

FRO-431_Amphiprion_polymnus_Saddleback_clownfish

Amphiprion polymnus

Saddleback anemonefish

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Logbon, Sand slope

IHW-197 Yellow clownfish, Amphiprion sandaracinos

Amphiprion sandaracinos

Orange skunk clownfish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Fish fountain

IH2-171 Orange skunk clownfish, Amphiprion sandaracinos

Amphiprion sandaracinos

Orange skunk clownfish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Tidore

IRA-105 Yellow clownfish, Amphiprion sandaracinos

Amphiprion sandaracinos

Orange skunk clownfish

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Mios kon

IL3-298 female Spinecheeck anemonefish, Premnas biaculeatus

Premnas biaculeatus

female Spinecheek anemonefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2008
Dive site: Aw shucks

IAM-093 Spinecheek anemonefish, Premnas biaculeatus

Premnas biaculeatus

Spinecheek anemonefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Nama wall

IAM-345 Spinecheek anemonefish, Premnas biaculeatus

Premnas biaculeatus

Spinecheek anemonefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Nama wall

IAM-141 Spinecheek anemonefish, Premnas biaculeatus

Premnas biaculeatus

Spinecheek anemonefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Amahusa

IHW-081 Spinecheek anemonefish, Premnas biaculeatus

Premnas biaculeatus

female Spinecheek anemonefish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Tidore

IHW-181 Spinecheek anemonefish, Premnas biaculeatus

Premnas biaculeatus

Spinecheek anemonefish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Tidore

IB2-156 female Spinecheek anemonefish, Premnas biaculeatus

Premnas biaculeatus

female Spinecheek anemonefish

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: USAT Liberty

IH2-025 male Spinecheeck anemonefish, Premnas biaculeatus

Premnas biaculeatus

male Spinecheek anemonefish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Tanjung putus

IRA-316 Spinecheeck anemonefish, Premnas biaculeatus

Premnas biaculeatus

female Spinecheek anemonefish

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Otdima

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  other Damselfish

IB2-022 Abudefduf vaigiensis, Indo-Pacific sergeant

Abudefduf vaigiensis

Indo-Pacific sergeant

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Amed, Japanese wreck

EMA-004 Indo-Pacific sergeant, Abudefduf vaigiensis

Abudefduf vaigiensis

Indo-Pacific sergeant

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis

BON-186 Sergeant-major, Abudefduf saxatilis

Abudefduf saxatilis

Sergeant-major

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Andrea I

EMA-111 Blackspot sergeant, Abudefduf sordidus

Abudefduf sordidus

Blackspot sergeant

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis

FAN-211 Acanthochromis polyacanthus,  Spotty-tail chromis or Spiny chromis

Acanthochromis polyacanthus

Spiny chromis or Spotty-tail chromis

Anilao, Philippines 2015
dive site: Nilog

IMA-04 Golden damselfish, Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Golden damselfish

Manado, Indonesia 2002
Dive site: Linkuan 1

FMI-024 Golden damselfish, Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Golden damselfish

Cebu, Philippines 2007
Dive site: Pescador east

IBA-076 Golden damselfish, Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Golden damselfish

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Tulamben, USAT Liberty

IHW-063 Golden damselfish, Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Golden damselfish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Tidore, southwest side

IB2-172 sub-adult Golden damselfish, Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Amblyglyphidodon aureus

sub-adult Golden damselfish

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Labuan segale

FAN-065 eggs of Amblyglyphidodon aureus, Golden damselfish

Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Golden damselfish eggs

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Ligpo cavern

FAN-066 Amblyglyphidodon aureus, Golden damselfish

Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Golden damselfish

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Ligpo cavern

IB3-133_eggs_of_Amblyglyphidodon_aureus,_Golden_damselfish

Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Golden damselfish eggs

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Menjangan, Eel garden

FM2-254 Staghorn damselfish, Amblyglyphidodon curacao

Amblyglyphidodon curacao

Staghorn damselfish

Cebu, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Tuble north

EMA-046 Yellowfin damsel, Amblyglyphidodon flavilatus

Amblyglyphidodon flavilatus

Yellowfin damsel

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: Sharm shuni

EHA-16 Amblyglyphidodon indicus

Amblyglyphidodon indicus

Pale damselfish

Hamata, Egypt 2007
House reef Zabargad north (night dive)

EMA-182 amblyglyphidodon indicus

Amblyglyphidodon indicus

Pale damselfish

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: Marsa abu babbab

IHW-211 Yellowbelly damselfish, Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster

Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster

Yellowbelly damselfish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Tidore

FM2-253 Yellowbelly damselfish, Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster

Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster

Yellowbelly damselfish

Cebu, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Tuble north

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IB3-259_Amblypomacentrus_breviceps,_Black-banded_demoiselle

Amblypomacentrus breviceps

Black-banded demoiselle

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Puri jati

BON-086 Blue chromis, Chromis cyanea

Chromis cyanea

Blue chromis

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Andrea II

BON-232 Brown chromis, Chromis multilineata

Chromis multilineata

Brown chromis

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Angel city

IAM-166_Chromis_viridis_Blue-green_chromis

Chromis viridis

Blue-green chromis

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Air manis

IB2-023 Blue green damselfish, Chromis viridis

Chromis viridis

Blue green damselfish

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Amed, Japanese wreck

EMA-205 Blue green damselfish, Chromis viridis

Chromis viridis

Blue green damselfish

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: Marsa murena

FM2-322_Chromis_viridis_hiding_in_Acropora_coral

Chromis viridis

Blue-green chromis

Cebu, Philippines 2012
house reef Magic Island

EMA-204 Weber's chromis, Chromis weberi

Chromis weberi

Weber's chromis

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: Marsa murena

IHW-213_Springers_demoiselle_Chrysiptera_springeri

Chrysiptera springeri

Springer's demoiselle

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Tidore

IH2-239_Springers_demoiselle_Chrysiptera_springeri

Chrysiptera springeri

Springer's demoiselle

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Fish fountain

IHW-148 Talbot's demoiselle, Chrysiptera talboti

Chrysiptera talboti

Talbot's demoiselle

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Shark reef

FM2-311 juvenile Onespot Demoiselle, Chrysiptera unimaculata

Chrysiptera unimaculata

juvenile Onespot demoiselle

Cebu, Philippines 2012
house reef Magic Island

FM2-222 Humbug dascyllus, Dascyllus aruanus

Dascyllus aruanus

Humbug dascyllus

Cebu, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Banjayan

EMA-121 Marginate dascyllus or Arabian damsel, Dascyllus marginatus 2

Dascyllus marginatus 1

Marginate dascyllus or Arabian damsel

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: Marsa samadai

EMA-120 Marginate dascyllus or Arabian damsel, Dascyllus marginatus 1

Dascyllus marginatus 2

Marginate dascyllus or Arabian damsel

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: Marsa samadai

IB2-176 Threespot dascyllus, Dascyllus trimaculatus

Dascyllus trimaculatus

Threespot dascyllus

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Labuan segala

EMA-057 Threespot dascyllus, Dascyllus trimaculatus

Dascyllus trimaculatus

Threespot dascyllus

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: Marsa murena

IL4-259 Honey-head damsel, Dischistodus prosopotaenia

Dischistodus prosopotaenia

Honey-head damsel

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Police pier

IH2-153 Honey-head damsel, Dischistodus prosopotaenia

Dischistodus prosopotaenia

Honey-head damsel

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Gemaf muck

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BON-235 Yellowtail damselfish, Microspathodon chrysurus

Microspathodon chrysurus

Yellowtail damselfish

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Angel city

BON-210 Yellowtail damselfish, Microspathodon chrysurus 1

Microspathodon chrysurus

Yellowtail damselfish

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Oil slick leap

  IAM-210 Cross' damsel, Neoglyphidodon crossi

Neoglyphidodon crossi

Cross' damsel

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Batu berdiri

IHW-210 Black-and-gold chromis, Neoglyphidodon nigoris

Neoglyphidodon nigoris

Black-and-gold chromis

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Tidore

EMA-215 Whitespotted devil, Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus

Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus

Whitespotted devil

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: Abu saille

FAN-201 Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus, Spangled damselfish or Jewel damsel

Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus

Whitespotted devil

Anilao, Philippines 2015
dive site: Bethlehem

FM2-324 Singlebar devil, Plectroglyphidodon leucozonus

Plectroglyphidodon leucozonus

Singlebar devil

Cebu, Philippines 2012
house reef Magic Island

  FAN-001 Pomacentrus bipunctatus, Double-spot or Ambon damsel

Pomacentrus bipunctatus

Double-spot or Ambon damsel

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Kerbis

IAM-284 Neon damselfish, Pomacentrus coelestis

Pomacentrus coelestis

Neon damselfish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Laha I / II

FNE-200 Princess damsel, Pomacentrus vaiuli

Pomacentrus vaiuli

Princess damsel

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Apo island, chapel

FAN-446 Pomacentrus vaiuli, Ocellate damselfish

Pomacentrus vaiuli

Ocellate damselfish

Anilao, Philippines 2015
dive site: Ligpo cavern

EMA-107 Sulphur damsel, Pomacentrus sulfureus

Pomacentrus sulfureus

Sulphur damsel

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: Dive site: house reef Oasis

 
BON-176 Bicolor damselfish, Stegastes partitus

Stegastes partitus

Bicolor damselfish

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Punt vierkant

BON-209 juvenile Threespot damselfish, Stegastes planifrons

Stegastes planifrons

juvenile Threespot damselfish

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Oil slick leap

BON-005 Threespot damselfish, Stegastes planifrons

Stegastes planifrons

Threespot damselfish

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Andrea II

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