By species www.diverosa.com Rokus Groeneveld & Sanne Reijs  
  back to Home Cephalopods, cuttlefish back to Flora and Fauna pages   
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Cephalopods are the highest developed member of the mollusks; related to, for example, shells and nudibranch. The name Cephalopods comes from the Greek and means head / foot. The main members are octopus, squid and cuttlefish, but also the seldom seen nautilus and argonauts are part of it. There are over 800 different species, all marine; there are no fresh water species.

Cephalopods are often hard to determinate, also because most Cephalopods posses the ability to change color. They do that by their Chromatophores, pigment-containing and light-reflecting cells, also found in amphibians, fish, reptiles, crustaceans. Sometimes the flash of a strobe makes them change color instantly. Next to that, a lot of Cephalopods, especially squid and cuttlefish, also use bioluminescence produced by bacterial symbionts.
IL1-52 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 2

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2002
Dive site: Hairball II

IL1-53 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 3

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2002
Dive site: Hairball II

IL1-48 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 1

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2002
Dive site: Jahir

IL3-085 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 1

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2008
Dive site: Kuda laut I

IL3-086 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 2

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2008
Dive site: Kuda laut I

IL3-087 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 3

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish, hunting

Lembeh, Indonesia 2008
Dive site: Kuda laut I

IL3-011 eggs of Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi, eggs

Flamboyant cuttlefish eggs

Lembeh, Indonesia 2008
Dive site: Kuda laut II

IAM-105 juvenile Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish, juvenile

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Hatiwe

Most divers know that Blue ringed octopus (Hapalochlaena sp.) are venomous. Their bite is highly toxic and can cause death.
There are two other known poisonous cephalopods. The Flamboyant cuttlefish (M. pfefferi) and the Striped pyjama squid (Sepioloidea lineolata). But in a different way.
The Striped pyjama squid has glands underneath it's body that can secrete a toxic slime whenever it is being attacked.
You would have to eat a Flamboyant cuttlefish to experience the negative effects.
IL4-051 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 2

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jahir

IL4-073 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jahir (night dive)

IL4-076 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jahir (night dive)

IL4-060 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish, hunting

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Rojos

IL4-210 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 1

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jahir

FNE-067 eggs Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish eggs

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Punta

FNE-071 hunting Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish, hunting

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Punta

FNE-068 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Punta

IL5-124 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Jahir

IL5-006 hunting Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish, hunting

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Nudi falls

IL5-310 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Nudi falls (night dive)

IL5-178 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 2

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Jahir

IL5-177 Flamboyant cuttlefish, Metasepia pfefferi 1

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Jahir

IMI-087_Metasepia_pfefferi_Flamboyant_cuttlefish_1

Metasepia pfefferi 1

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Areng kambing 2

IMI-088_Metasepia_pfefferi_Flamboyant_cuttlefish_2

Metasepia pfefferi 2

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Areng kambing 2

IMI-089_Metasepia_pfefferi_Flamboyant_cuttlefish_3

Metasepia pfefferi 3

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Areng kambing 2

FMO-116_Metasepia_pfefferi_Flamboyant_cuttlefish

Metasepia pfefferi 1

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Anda, Philippines 2018
Dive site: Dapdap (night dive)

FMO-287_Metasepia_pfefferi_Flamboyant_cuttlefish_2

Metasepia pfefferi 2

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Anda, Philippines 2018
Dive site: Dapdap (night dive)

FMO-108_Metasepia_pfefferi_Flamboyant_cuttlefish

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Anda, Philippines 2018
Dive site: Suba sanctuary

FN2-118_Metasepia_pfefferi_Flamboyant_cuttlefish

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Negros, Philippines 2019
Dive site: San Miguel

FN2-052_Metasepia_pfefferi_Flamboyant_cuttlefish

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Negros, Philippines 2019
Dive site: District II (night dive)

FN2-259_Metasepia_pfefferi_eggs_Flamboyant_cuttlefish

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish eggs

Negros, Philippines 2019
Dive site: San miguel

FN2-268_Metasepia_pfefferi_Flamboyant_cuttlefish

Metasepia pfefferi

Flamboyant cuttlefish

Negros, Philippines 2019
Dive site: Orica pier

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IHW-024 Needle cuttlefish, Sepia aculeata

Sepia aculeata

Needle cuttlefish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
house reef Weda resort (night dive)

IHW-152 Needle cuttlefish, Sepia aculeata

Sepia aculeata

Needle cuttlefish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
house reef Weda resort (night dive)

IB3-366_juvenile_Sepia_aculeata,_Needle_cuttlefish

Sepia aculeata

juvenile Needle cuttlefish

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Seraya slope (night dive)

  AVI-058_Sepia_apama_Giant_cuttlefish_sub-adult

Sepia apama

Giant cuttlefish, sub-adult

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier (night dive)

ASA-237_Sepia_apama_Giant_cuttlefish

Sepia apama

Giant cuttlefish

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Edithburg jetty

ASA-277_Sepia_apama_Giant_cuttlefish_juvenile

Sepia apama 1

Giant cuttlefish, juvenile

South Australia 2018
Port Victoria jetty (night dive)

ASA-278_Sepia_apama_Giant_cuttlefish_juvenile_2

Sepia apama 2

Giant cuttlefish, juvenile

South Australia 2018
Port Victoria jetty (night dive)

ASA-295_Sepia_apama_juvenile_Giant_cuttlefish

Sepia apama

Giant cuttlefish, juvenile

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Edithburg jetty

ASA-367_Sepia_apama_Giant_cuttlefish_sub-adult_2

Sepia apama 1

Giant cuttlefish, sub-adult

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Port Hughes jetty

ASA-368_Sepia_apama_Giant_cuttlefish_sub-adult

Sepia apama 2

Giant cuttlefish, sub-adult

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Port Hughes jetty

AWA-096_Sepia_apama_Giant_Australian_cuttlefish

Sepia apama

Giant cuttlefish

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks (night dive)

AWA-306_Sepia_apama_subadult_Giant_Australian_cuttlefish

Sepia apama

Giant cuttlefish, sub-adult

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Woodman point (night dive)

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IAM-360 Stumpy-spined cuttlefish, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
house reef Maluku divers (night dive)

FNE-086 Stumpy-spined cuttlefish, Sepia bandensis 1

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: San Miguel

FNE-087 Stumpy-spined cuttlefish, Sepia bandensis 2

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: San Miguel

FNE-216 Stumpy-spined cuttlefish, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: San Miguel (night dive)

FM2-341 Stumpy-spined cuttlefish, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Banlot (night dive)

IL5-128 Stumpy-spined cuttlefish, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
house reef Divers Lodge Lembeh (night dive)

IRA-111 wounded Stumpy-spined Cuttlefishes, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

wounded Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Kri eco (night dive)

IRA-233 Stumpy-spined cuttlefish, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Sorido (night dive)

IRA-232 Stumpy-spined Cuttlefishes, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Sorido (night dive)

IRA-288 Stumpy-spined Cuttlefishes, Sepia bandensis

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Sorido (night dive)

FAN-409 Sepia bandensis, Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: house reef Portulano (night dive)

IMI-187_Sepia_bandensis_Stumpy-spined_cuttlefish

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
house reef Mimpi Indah (night dive)

IMI-320_Sepia_bandensis_Stumpy-spined_cuttlefish

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
house reef Mimpi Indah (night dive)

FMO-212_Sepia_bandensis_Stumpy-spined_cuttlefish_or_Dwarf_cuttlefish

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Philippines, Anda 2018
House reef Magic Oceans (night dive)

FMO-257_Sepia_bandensis_ Dwarf_cuttlefish

Sepia bandensis

Stumpy-spined cuttlefish

Philippines, Anda 2018
Dive site: Dapdap (night dive)

  IB2-225 Golden cuttlefish, sepia esculenta

Sepia esculenta

Golden cuttlefish

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

FMO-077_Sepia_esculenta_Golden_cuttlefish_1

Sepia esculenta 1

Golden cuttlefish

Anda, Philippines 2018
Dive site: Secret place

FMO-078_Sepia_esculenta_Golden_cuttlefish_2

Sepia esculenta 2

Golden cuttlefish

Anda, Philippines 2018
Dive site: Secret place

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MKA-25 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Kapalai, Malaysia 2003
Dive site: house reef (Mandarin valley)

IGI-19 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Gili Islands, Lombok, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Shark point, Gili Trawangan

IGI-22 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Gili Islands, Lombok, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Bounty, Gili Meno

IBA-276 juvenile Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish (at 1st flash)

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Tulamben, USAT Liberty (night dive)

IBA-277 juvenile Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish (after 1st flash)

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Tulamben, USAT Liberty (night dive)

IBA-129 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Menjangan, Garden eel point

IAM-253 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus 1

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Laha III / Rhino

IAM-252 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus 2

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Laha III / Rhino

IL4-039 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish, juvenile

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jarijari (night dive)

IL4b-252_Sepia_latimanus_ juvenile_Broadclub_cuttlefish_1

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish, juvenile 1

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Teluk kembahu III

IL4-253_Sepia_latimanus_ juvenile_Broadclub_cuttlefish_2

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish, juvenile 2

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Teluk kembahu III

IB2-083 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

FNE-072 juvenile Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish, juvenile

Negros, Philippines 2012
Dive site: Ceres

IH2-038 eye of a Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Pasir putih

IH2-178 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Pasir putih (night dive)

IL5-043 Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Pantai parigi

IL5-026 juvenile Broadclub cuttlefish, Sepia latimanus

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish, juvenile

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Jahir

FAN-039 Sepia latimanus, Broadclub cuttlefish

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Anilao pier (night dive)

IB3-392_Sepia_latimanus,_Broadclub_cuttlefish

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Amed, Ghost bay

FRO-427_juvenile_Sepia_latimanus_Broadclub_cuttlefish

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish, juvenile

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Sand slope

IMI-244_Sepia_latimanus_Broadclub_cuttlefish_1

Sepia latimanus 1

Broadclub cuttlefish

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Tanjung Sahaung

IMI-245_Sepia_latimanus_Broadclub_cuttlefish_2

Sepia latimanus 2

Broadclub cuttlefish

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Tanjung Sahaung

IMI-176_Sepia_latimanus_Broadclub_cuttlefish

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Tanjung Totohe

FN2-229_Sepia_latimanus_Broadclub_cuttlefish

Sepia latimanus

Broadclub cuttlefish

Negros, Philippines 2019
Dive site: Dauin south (night dive)

  FRO-044_Sepia_mestus_Reaper_cuttlefish

Sepia mestus

Reaper cuttlefish

Ronblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Anchor bay

IRA-074 undetermined cuttlefish, maybe Papuan cuttlefish, Sepia papuensis 2

Sepia papuensis?

maybe Papuan cuttlefish

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: The passage

IRA-073 undetermined cuttlefish, maybe Papuan cuttlefish, Sepia papuensis 1

Sepia papuensis?

maybe Papuan cuttlefish

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: The passage

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AWA-278_Sepia_pharaonis_Pharaoh_cuttlefish

Sepia pharaonis

Pharaoh cuttlefish

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

  EDS-24 Hooded cuttlefish, Sepia prashadi

Sepia prashadi

Hooded cuttlefish

Deep South, Egypt 2004
Dive site: Fury shoal, Abu galawa

EMA-067 Hooded cuttlefish, Sepia prashadi

Sepia prashadi

Hooded cuttlefish

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis (night dive)

EMA-190 Hooded cuttlefish, Sepia prashadi

Sepia prashadi

Hooded cuttlefish

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis (night dive)

EMA-141 Hooded cuttlefish, Sepia prashadi 1

Sepia prashadi

Hooded cuttlefish (at 1st flash)

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis (night dive)

EMA-142 Hooded cuttlefish, Sepia prashadi 2

Sepia prashadi

Hooded cuttlefish (after 1st flash)

Marsa Alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis (night dive)

  IL5-008 Crinoid cuttlefish, Sepia sp.

Sepia sp. 1

Crinoid cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Nudi falls

IL5-134 Crinoid cuttlefish, Sepia sp. 2

Sepia sp. 2

Crinoid cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Nudi falls

IMI-117_Crinoid_cuttlefish_Sepia_sp_1

Sepia sp. 1

Crinoid cuttlefish

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Efrata

IMI-118_Crinoid_cuttlefish_Sepia_sp_2

Sepia sp. 2

Crinoid cuttlefish

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Efrata

IMI-351_Crinoid_cuttlefish_Sepia_sp_3

Sepia sp. 3

Crinoid cuttlefish

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Efrata

 
IAM-027 Pygmy cuttlefish, Sepia sp.

Sepia sp.

Pygmy cuttlefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Tower

IAM-237 Pygmy cuttlefish, Sepia sp.

Sepia sp.

Pygmy cuttlefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Tower

IAM-243 Pygmy cuttlefish, Sepia sp., male feeding female

Sepia sp. (male feeding female)

Pygmy cuttlefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Laha III / Rhino

IAM-248 Pygmy cuttlefish, Sepia sp. 1

Sepia sp.

Pygmy cuttlefish ('before' 1st flash)

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Laha III / Rhino

IAM-249 Pygmy cuttlefish, Sepia sp. 2.

Sepia sp.

Pygmy cuttlefish (after 1st flash)

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Laha III / Rhino

Egypt WL/Sepia 1

Sepia sp.

undetermined cuttlefish

Wadi Lahami, Egypt 2003
Dive site: Torfa

IBA-189 unidentified cuttlefish

Sepia sp.

undetermined cuttlefish

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Kalanganyar

IHW-028 unidentified eggs Sepia sp.

Sepia sp.

unidentified eggs of Sepia sp.

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
house reef Weda resort (night dive)

IAM-012 unidentified dwarf cuttlefish

Sepia sp.

undetermined dwarf cuttlefish

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Jetty (night dive)

IL5-325 undetermined juvenile cuttlefish, Sepia sp.

Sepia sp.

undetermined juvenile cuttlefish

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site:Air bajo III