By species www.diverosa.com Rokus Groeneveld & Sanne Reijs   
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Sponges are simple aquatic multicellular animals. They are often tube like, and the surface is perforated with numerous small pores. Water is drawn into the sponge, leaving the sponge through the larger excurrent opening(s). Oxygen and food are filtered out in the process.
Sponges are very hard to identify. Species come in many forms and often colours, depending factors as depth, current, light, water chemistry, age and location. Conclusive identification is only possible in a laboratory, with a microscope, studying the spicules. Spicules are the structural components of a sponge.
The phylum Porifera, sponges, is divided in four classes. The Demospongiae is the largest. About 90% of all sponges belong to this class. The spicula are made of fibers of the protein spongi. If you have a natural bath sponge, it’s a Demospongiae. The second one are the class Calcarea, the calcareous sponges, that have spicules made of calcium carbonate. The other two classes are Hexactinellida (glass sponges), and the recently recognized Homoscleromorpha (encrusting sponges). There are about 5000 described species, almost all marine. There is only one family of fresh water sponges, the family Spongillidae.
  Agelasidae (class Demospongiae)
BO2-431_Agelas_citrina_Citron_sponge_1

Agelas citrina

Citron sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Angel city

BO2-437_Agelas_citrina_Citron_sponge_2

Agelas citrina

Citron sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Red slave

BO2-176_Agelas_clathrodes_Orange_elephant_ear_sponge

Agelas clathrodes

Orange elephant ear sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Candyland

BO2-367_Agelas_clathrodes_Orange_elephant_ear_sponge

Agelas clathrodes

Orange elephant ear sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Angel city

BO2-395_Agelas_conifera_Brown_tube_sponge

Agelas conifera

Brown tube sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Jeff Davis

BO2-430_Agelas_conifera_Brown_tube_sponge

Agelas conifera

Brown tube sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Angel city

BO2-175_Agelas_conifera_with_Parazoanthus_puertoricense

Agelas conifera

(with Parazoanthus puertoricense)

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Candyland

BO2-209_Agelas_sventres

Agelas sventres

?

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Vista blue

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  Ancorinidae (class Demospongiae)
BO2-412_Dercitus_luteus

Dercitus luteus

?

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Nukove

FN2-187_Rhabdastrella_globostellata

Rhabdastrella globostellata

Yellow pot sponge

Negros, Philippines 2019
Dive site: Pyramids

  IHW-018 Rolling sponge, Stelletta clavosa

Stelletta clavosa

Rolling sponge

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Shark reef

FRO-210_Stelletta_clavosa_Rolling_sponge

Stelletta clavosa

Rolling sponge

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Bangug check (night dive)

  Aplysinidae (class Demospongiae)
BO2-297_Aiolochroia_crassa_Branching_tube_sponge

Aplysina crassa

Branching tube sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Hilma Hooker

BO2-428_Aiolochroia_crassa_Branching_tube_sponge

Aplysina crassa

Branching tube sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Angel city

BON-003 Stove-pipe sponge, Aplysina archeri

Aplysina archeri

Stove-pipe sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Reef scientifico

BO2-160_Aplysina_archeri_Stove-pipe_sponge

Aplysina archeri

Stove-pipe sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Nukove

BO2-426_Aplysina_archeri_Stove-pipe_sponge

Aplysina archeri

Stove-pipe sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Angel city

FM2-152 Row pore rope sponge, Aplysina cauliformis

maybe Aplysina cauliformis

Row pore rope sponge ?

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Pescador

BO2-299_Aplysina_cauliformis_Row_pore_rope_sponge

Aplysina cauliformis

Row pore rope sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Hilma Hooker

BO2-330_Aplysina_cauliformis_Row_pore_rope_sponge

Aplysina cauliformis

Row pore rope sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Andrea 2

BO2-266_Aplysina_fistularis_Yellow_tube_sponge

Aplysina fistularis

Yellow tube sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Bari (night dive)

BO2-423_Aplysina_fistularis_Yellow_tube_sponge

Aplysina fistularis

Yellow tube sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Angel city

BO2-368_maybe_Aplysina_fistularis_Yellow_tube_sponge

maybe Aplysina fistularis

Yellow tube sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Angel city

BO2-246_possibly_Aplysina_insularis_Candle_sponge

possibly Aplysina insularis

Candle sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Tolo

BO2-152_mayby_Aplysina_lacunosa_Convoluted_barrel_sponge

maybe Aplysina lacunosa

Convoluted barrel sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Nukove

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FM2-158 Aplysina sp.

Aplysina sp.

?

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Pescador

  Axinellidae (class Demospongiae)
AWA-374_Cymbastela_marshae

Cymbastela marshae

Cup sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks

AWA-648_Cymbastela_marshae

Cymbastela marshae

Cup sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Cottesloe south beach

FMI-152_family_Axinellidae_undetermined_sponge

family Axinellidae

?

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Pescador south-east

FN2-436_maybe_family_Axinellidae_undetermined_sponge

maybe family Axinellidae

?

Negros, Philippines 2019
Dive site: San miguel

 
  Callyspongiidae (class Demospongiae)
BO2-374_Callyspongia_aculeata_Branching_vase_sponge

Callyspongia aculeata

Branching vase sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Atlantis

BO2-212_Callyspongia_fallax

Callyspongia fallax

Smooth tube sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Vista blue

BO2-221_Callyspongia_fallax_1

Callyspongia fallax

Smooth tube sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Red beryl

BO2-222_Callyspongia_fallax_2

Callyspongia fallax

Smooth tube sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Red beryl

BO2-224_Callyspongia_fallax_3

Callyspongia fallax

Smooth tube sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Red beryl

BON-012 Azure vase sponge, Callyspongia plicifera

Callyspongia plicifera

Azure vase sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Tori's reef

BON-175 Azure vase sponge, Callyspongia plicifera

Callyspongia plicifera

Azure vase sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Punt vierkant

BO2-130_Callyspongia_plicifera_Azure_vase_sponge

Callyspongia plicifera

Azure vase sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Sweet dreams

BO2-373_Callyspongia_plicifera_Azure_vase_sponge

Callyspongia plicifera

(in Madracis sp. maybe M. myriaster)

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Atlantis

 
AWA-429_maybe_Dactylia_varia

mayby Dactylia varia

Slimy lemon sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

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IB3-304_probably_Callyspongia_sp.

probably Callyspongia sp.

?

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Tulamben, Drop off

AWA-447_Callyspongia_sp.

Callyspongia sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-638_probably_family_Callyspongiidae

probably family Callyspongiidae

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

  Chalinidae (class Demospongiae)
IAM-059_Hyastenus_elatus_with_Chalinula_nematifera

Chalinula nematifera

Coral killing sponge

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
house reef Maluku divers (night dive)

IL5-285 encrusting sponge Chalinula nematifera

Chalinula nematifera

Coral killing sponge

Lembeh, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Pintu kolaba

IRA-003 Robust sea squirt, Atriolum robustum and encrusting sponge Chalinula nematifera

Chalinula nematifera

Coral killing sponge

Raja ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Yenbuba jetty

FRO-006_Chalinula_nematifera

Chalinula nematifera

Coral killing sponge

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Logbon inside

FM2-161_Haliclona_fascigera

Haliclona fascigera

Blue-grey tube sponge

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Pescador

FM2-154_Haliclona_fascigera

Haliclona fascigera

Blue-grey tube sponge

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Pescador

FN2-437_maybe_Haliclona_koremella

mayby Haliclona koremella

?

Negros, Philippines 2019
Dive site: San miguel

IL4-174 unidentified sponge, maybe Haliclona sp.

mayby Haliclona sp.

?

Lembeh, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Batu lubang (night dive)

IB2-173 unidentified sponge, maybe Haliclona sp.

mayby Haliclona sp.

?

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Labuan segala

FRO-295_Haliclona_sp_undetermined_sponge

Haliclona sp.

?

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Bangug 3

  Chondropsidae (class Demospongiae)
AWA-387_maybe_Chondropsis_sp_undetermined_sponge

maybe Chondropsis sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-453_maybe_Chondropsis_sp_undetermined_sponge

maybe Chondropsis sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-652_maybe_Chondropsis_sp.

maybe Chondropsis sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Cottesloe south beach

AWA-649_maybe_Chondropsis_sp

maybe Chondropsis sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Cottesloe south beach

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  Clionaidae (class Demospongiae)
BO2-332_Cliona_varians_Brown_variable_sponge

Cliona varians

Brown variable sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Andrea 2

AWA-035_maybe_Cliona_sp_undetermined_sponge

mayby Cliona sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

AWA-513_maybe_Cliona_sp_undetermined_sponge_2

mayby Cliona sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

AWA-520_maybe_Cliona_sp_undetermined_sponge

mayby Cliona sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Coogee marina, north wall

 BON-152_Cliothosa_delitrix_Red_boring_sponge_2

Cliothosa delitrix

Red boring sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Windsock

BON-208_Cliothosa_delitrix_Red_boring_sponge

Cliothosa delitrix

Red boring sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Oil slick leap

BO2-079_Cliothosa_delitrix_Red_boring_sponge

Cliothosa delitrix

Red boring sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Bari (night dive)

BO2-285_Cliothosa_delitrix_Red_boring_sponge

Cliothosa delitrix

Red boring sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Cliff (night dive)

BO2-314_Cliothosa_delitrix_Red_boring_sponge

Cliothosa delitrix

Red boring sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Oil slick

EMA-149_Pione_vastifica_Red_boring_sponge

Pione vastifica

Red boring sponge

Marsa alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis (night dive)

EMA-235 sponge Pione vastifica

Pione vastifica

(with maybe Polydorella sp.)

Marsa alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis

FN2-416_Spheciospongia_cf_vagabunda

Spheciospongia cf. vagabunda

?

Negros, Philippines 2019
Dive site: Malatapay

BO2-348_Spheciospongia_vesparium_Loggerhead_sponge

Spheciospongia vesparium

Loggerhead sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Aquarius

IB3-349_Spheciospongia_sp

Spheciospongia sp.

undetermined sponge

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Menjangan, Seraya slope

AWA-645_maybe_Spheciospongia_papillosa

mayby Spheciospongia sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Cottesloe south beach

IRA-349 undetermined boring sponge, family Clionaidae 2

family Clionaidae

undetermined boring sponge

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Five rocks

IRA-348 undetermined boring sponge, family Clionaidae 1

family Clionaidae

undetermined boring sponge

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Five rocks

AWA-398_maybe_family_Clionidae_undetermined_sponge

mayby family Clionaidae

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-637_maybe_family_Clionaidae_undetermined_sponge

mayby family Clionaidae

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

AWA-406_family_Clionaidae_undetermined_boring_sponge

family Clionaidae

undetermined boring sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

  Crambeidae (class Demospongiae)
BO2-380_Monanchora_arbuscula_Red_encrusting_sponge

Monanchora arbuscula

Red encrusting sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Windsock (night dive)

FAN-167_Monanchora_unguiculata

Monanchora unguiculata

?

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Mural

IHW-146_Monanchora_unguiculata

Monanchora unguiculata

?

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Shark reef

IH2-132_Monanchora_unguiculata

Monanchora unguiculata

?

Halmahera, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Gemaf coral

IB3-157_Monanchora_sp.,_undetermined_sponge

Monanchora sp.

?

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Menjangan, Blue corner

  Darwinellidae (class Demospongiae)
AWA-346_maybe_Aplysilla_sulfurea

Aplysilla sulfurea

Encrusting rose sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Point peron

  FRO-360_undetermined_sponge_maybe_Darwinella_oxeata

mayby Darwinella oxeata

?

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: San Pedro

AWA-400_maybe_Darwinella_sp.

mayby Darwinella sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

 
ASA-387_Dendrilla_rosea

Dendrilla rosea

?

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-234_Clavelina_moluccensis_and_Dendrilla_rosea

Dendrila rosea left

Encrusting rose sponge

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-261_Mimachlamys_asperrima_Doughboy_scallop_on_sponge_Dendrilla_rosea

Dendrilla rosea

Encrusting rose sponge

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Edithburg jetty

ASA-282_undetermined_sponge_maybe_Dendrilla_sp.

mayby Dendrilla sp.

?

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Port Hughes jetty

 
  Dysideidae (class Demospongiae)
AWA-223_maybe_Dysidea_etheria

mayby Dysidea etheria

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

AWA-636_maybe_Dysidea_etheria

mayby Dysidea etheria

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

AWA-509_maybe_Dysidea_etheria

mayby Dysidea etheria

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

IMI-149_probably_Dysidea_sp

probably Dysidea sp.

?

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Tanjung usi 3

AWA-538_maybe_family_Dysideidae_undetermined_sponge

mayby family Dysideidae

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Fremantle, South mole

FAN-442 Pleraplysilla sp, undetermined sponge

Pleraplysilla sp.

?

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Ligpo cavern

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  Halichondriidae (class Demospongiae)
FN2-237_Ciocalypta_penicillus

Ciocalypta penicillus

Brush sponge

Negros, Philippines 2019
Dive site: Masaplod norte

IAM-182 unidentified sponge, Ciocalypta sp.

mayby Ciocalypta penicillus

Brush sponge

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Riang

IBA-240 Ciocalypta species

mayby Ciocalypta penicillus

Brush sponge

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Tulamben, Drop off

  IB3-335_Ciocalypta_sp.,_sponge.

Ciocalypta sp.

?

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Seraya

IB3-455_Ciocalypta_sp.,_sponge_2

Ciocalypta sp.

?

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Seraya (night dive)

ASA-294_Ciocalypta_sp_Sprouting_sand_sponge_1

Ciocalypta sp.

Sprouting sand sponge

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Edithburg jetty

ASA-293_Ciocalypta_sp_Sprouting_sand_sponge_2

Ciocalypta sp.

Sprouting sand sponge

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Edithburg jetty

AWA-108_probably_Ciocalypta_sp_2

probably Ciocalypta sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-277_maybe_Ciocalypta_sp.

maybe Ciocalypta sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

AWA-418_probably_Ciocalypta_sp_1

probably Ciocalypta sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-531_probably_Ciocalypta_sp.

probably Ciocalypta sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Coogee marina, north wall

AWA-635_probably_Ciocalypta_sp.

probably Ciocalypta sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

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  Hemiasterellidae (class Demospongiae)
IHW-138 sponge Liosina granularis

Liosina granularis

Lumpy tube sponge

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Shark reef

IHW-072 sponge, Liosina granularis carried by Sponge crab, Dromia dormia

Liosina granularis

on sponge crab

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
house reef Weda resort (night dive)

FAN-205 Liosina granularis, Lumpy tube sponge

Liosina granularis

Lumpy tube sponge

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Nilog

FAN-437 probably Liosina granularis, Lumpy tube sponge

Liosina granularis

Lumpy tube sponge

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Ligpo cavern

IMI-137_Liosina_granularis

Liosina granularis

Lumpy tube sponge

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
house reef Mimpi Indah

  Heteroxyidae (class Demospongiae)
FM2-078_Myrmekioderma_granulatum

Myrmekioderma granulatum

?

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Banlot (night dive)

FMI-170_Myrmekioderma_granulatum

Myrmekioderma granulatum

?

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: White house

FMO-296_Myrmekioderma_granulatum

Myrmekioderma granulatum

?

Philippines, Anda 2018
Dive site: Pygmy house

FRO-164_Myrmekioderma_granulatum

Myrmekioderma granulatum

?

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Anchor bay

FRO-223_Myrmekioderma_granulatum

Myrmekioderma granulatum

?

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Logbon, Sanctuary

IRA-341 undetermined sponge

Myrmekioderma granulatum?

?

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: The passage

BO2-143_maybe_Myrmekioderma_gyroderma_Convoluted_orange_sponge

mayby Myrmekioderma gyroderma

Convoluted orange sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Salt pier (night dive)

AWA-233_maybe_Myrmekioderma_sp.

mayby Myrmekioderma sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal (night dive)

AWA-595_maybe_Myrmekioderma_sp.

mayby Myrmekioderma sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Bulk terminal / Bulk jetty

FN2-258_maybe_family_Heteroxyidae_undetermined_sponge

mayby family Heteroxyidae

?

Negros, Philippines 2019
Dive site: San miguel

  Hymedesmiidae (class Demospongiae)
EMA-245_Hemimycale_arabica

Hemimycale arabica

Arabian crust sponge

Marsa alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis (night dive)

BO2-392_Phorbas_amaranthus_and_maybe_Madracis_decactis

Phorbas amaranthus

(with maybe Madracis decactis)

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Jeff Davis

  FAN-263_maybe_family_Hymedesmiidae

mayby family Hymedesmiidae

?

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Mural

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  Irciniidae (class Demospongiae)
BO2-404_maybe_Ircinia_felix_Stinker_sponge

maybe Ircinia felix

Stinker sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Nukove

BO2-375_Ircinia_strobilina_Black_ball_sponge

Ircinia strobilina

Black ball sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Atlantis

BO2-376_Ircinia_strobilina_Black_ball_sponges

Ircinia strobilina

Black ball sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Atlantis

  FN2-233_probably_Ircinia_sp_undetermined_sponge

probably Ircinia sp.

?

Negros, Philippines 2019
Dive site: Masaplod norte

  Microcionidae (class Demospongiae)
AWA-392_maybe_Clathria_cactiformis_1

maybe Clathria cactiformis

Orange palm sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-416_maybe_Clathria_cactiformis_2

maybe Clathria cactiformis

Orange palm sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-367_maybe_Clathria_cactiformis

maybe Clathria cactiformis

Orange palm sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

BO2-144_Clathria_curacaoensis_Orange-veined_encrusting_sponge

Clathria curacaoensis

Orange-veined encrusting sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Salt pier (night dive)

IRA-332_Clathria_Microciona_mima

Clathria (Microciona) mima

?

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Sorido

FM2-234_Clathria_microciona_sp_on_maybe_Spondylus_butleri

Clathria (Microciona) sp.

on maybe Spondylus butleri

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
house reef Magic Island (night dive)

FMI-081 sponge, unidentified Clathria sp.

mayby Clathria sp.

undetermined encrusting sponge

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Kasai wall

IB2-164 unidentified sponge, Clathria sp.

mayby Clathria sp.

undetermined encrusting sponge

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Labuan segala

BON-130 Undetermined encrusting sponge, Clathria sp.

mayby Clathria sp.

undetermined encrusting sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Hilma Hooker

IRA-101 undetermined sponge, Clathria sp.

mayby Clathria sp.

undetermined encrusting sponge

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Yenbuba jetty

FMO-134_maybe_Clathria_sp.

mayby Clathria sp.

undetermined encrusting sponge

Philippines, Anda 2018
Dive site: house reef Magic Oceans

FN2-378_Clathria_sp_undetermined_sponge

mayby Clathria sp.

undetermined encrusting sponge

Negros, Philippines 2019
Dive site: Pyramids

BO2-317_Clathria_sp_encrusting_sponge

Clathria sp.

undetermined encrusting sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Oil slick

  IRA-320 undetermined sponge, maybe Echinochalina sp.

mayby Echinochalina sp.

?

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Yenbuba jetty

ASA-223_Holopsamma_arborea_Brown_honeycomb_sponge

Holopsamma arborea

Brown honeycomb sponge

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-208_Holopsamma_arborea_Brown_honeycomb_sponge

Holopsamma arborea

Brown honeycomb sponge

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-143_Holopsamma_arborea_Brown_honeycomb_sponge_1

Holopsamma arborea

Brown honeycomb sponge

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-144_Holopsamma_arborea_Brown_honeycomb_sponge_2

Holopsamma arborea

Brown honeycomb sponge

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

AWA-313_Holopsamma_arborea_on_bivalves

Holopsamma arborea

Brown honeycomb sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Bulk terminal / Bulk jetty

AWA-314_Holopsamma_arborea

Holopsamma arborea

Brown honeycomb sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Bulk terminal / Bulk jetty

  ASA-310_Holopsamma_laminaefavosa

Holopsamma laminaefavosa

Cream honeycomb sponge

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Edithburg jetty

AWA-452_Holopsamma_laminaefavosa_Cream_honeycomb_sponge

Holopsamma laminaefavosa

Cream honeycomb sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

 
  Mycalidae (class Demospongiae)
AWA-351_maybe_Arenochalina_mirabilis_on_bivalves

maybe Arenochalina mirabilis

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Ammo jetty (night dive)

AWA-662_maybe_Arenochalina_mirabilis_on_bivalves

maybe Arenochalina mirabilis

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Ammo jetty (night dive)

EW2-09_Mycale_fistulifera_Polyp_sponge

Mycale fistulifera

Polyp sponge

Wadi Lahami, Egypt 2003
Dive site: Shaab rour north

FRO-297_Nausithoe_punctata_Tubular_stage_of_jellyfish_on_sponge

Mycale fistulifera

Polyp sponge

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Bangug 3

 
  Niphatidae (class Demospongiae)
IB2-308_Amphimedon_queenslandica.

Amphimedon queenslandica

?

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Kubu, Batu Indah

FNE-197_Amphimedon_queenslandica

Amphimedon queenslandica

?

Negros, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Apo Island, Lagahan

FAN-168_Amphimedon_queenslandica

Amphimedon queenslandica

?

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Mural

FAN-316_Amphimedon_queenslandica

Amphimedon queenslandica

?

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Ligpo cavern

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FMI-087_Niphates_olemda

Niphates olemda

Blue tube sponge

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Pescador south-east

BO2-251_Niphates_erecta_Lavender_rope_sponge_1

Niphates erecta

Lavender rope sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Karpata

BO2-252_Niphates_erecta_Lavender_rope_sponge_2

Niphates erecta

Lavender rope sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Karpata

IB2-339 unidentified sponge, family Niphatidae

family Niphatidae

?

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Seraya

 
  Petrosiidae (class Demospongiae)
FMI-123 Barrel sponge, Xestospongia testudinaria

Xestospongia testudinaria

Barrel sponge

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Pescador east

FM2-163 Barrel sponge, Xestospongia testudinaria, with sea cucumber Synapta lamperti

Xestospongia testudinaria

Barrel sponge

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Pescador (south)

FAN-276 Xestospongia testudinaria, Barrel sponge

Xestospongia testudinaria

Barrel sponge

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Bubbles

   
  Phloeodictyidae (class Demospongiae)
IAM-382 Puffball Sponge, Oceanapia sagittaria

Oceanapia sagittaria

Pink puffball ponge

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Laha III (night dive)

IB2-258 Puffball Sponge, Oceanapia sagittaria

Oceanapia sagittaria

Pink puffball sponge

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Tulamben, USAT Liberty

FRO-432_Oceanapia_sagittaria_Pink_puff_ball_sponge

Oceanapia sagittaria

Pink puffball sponge

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: Sand slope

  BO2-372_Siphonodictyon_coralliphagum_Yellow_Boring_Sponge_1

Siphonodictyon coralliphagum

Yellow boring sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Atlantis

BO2-436_Siphonodictyon_coralliphagum_Yellow_Boring_Sponge_2

Siphonodictyon coralliphagum

Yellow boring sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Red slave

BO2-435_Siphonodictyon_coralliphagum_Yellow_Boring_Sponge_1

Siphonodictyon coralliphagum

Yellow boring sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Red slave

  FN2-223_maybe_family_Phloeodictyidae

mayby family Phloeodictyidae

?

Negros, Philippines 2019
Dive site: (next to) Ducomi pier

FN2-284_maybe_family_Phloeodictyidae

mayby family Phloeodictyidae

?

Negros, Philippines 2019
Dive site: Ginama an

  Raspailiidae (class Demospongiae)
AWA-539_Echinodictyum_clathrioides_Grey_fan_sponge_1

Echinodictyum clathrioides

Grey fan sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Fremantle, South mole

AWA-543_Echinodictyum_clathrioides_Grey_fan_sponge_2

Echinodictyum clathrioides

Grey fan sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Fremantle, South mole

BO2-164_Ectyoplasia_ferox_Brown_encrusting_octopus_sponge

Ectyoplasia ferox

Brown encrusting octopus sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Nukove

BO2-396_Ectyoplasia_ferox_Brown_encrusting_octopus_sponge

Ectyoplasia ferox

Brown encrusting octopus sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Jeff Davis

BO2-327_maybe_Ectyoplasia_ferox_Brown_encrusting_octopus_sponge

mayby Ectyoplasia ferox

Brown encrusting octopus sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Andrea 2

  Scopalinidae (class Demospongiae)
BO2-177_Scopalina_ruetzleri_Orange_lumpy_encrusting_sponge

Scopalina ruetzleri

Orange lumpy encrusting sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Candyland

BO2-394_Scopalina_ruetzleri_Orange_lumpy_encrusting_sponge_3

Ectyoplasia ferox

Brown encrusting octopus sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Jeff Davis

BO2-402_Scopalina_ruetzleri_Orange_lumpy_encrusting_sponge_2

Scopalina ruetzleri

Orange lumpy encrusting sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Nukove

BO2-408_Scopalina_ruetzleri_Orange_lumpy_encrusting_sponge_1

Scopalina ruetzleri

Orange lumpy encrusting sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Nukove

 
BO2-420_Svenzea_flava

Svenzea flava

?

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Kalebas (night dive)

BON-202_Svenzea_zeai

Svenzea zeai

Dark volcano sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: Reef scientifico (night dive)

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  Suberitidae (class Demospongiae)
IB3-243_maybe_Suberites_sp.,_undetermined_sponge_1

mayby Suberites sp.

?

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Parman's choice

IB3-241_maybe_Suberites_sp.,_undetermined_sponge_2

mayby Suberites sp.

?

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Parman's choice

IB3-242_maybe_Suberites_sp.,_undetermined_sponge_3

mayby Suberites sp.

?

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Parman's choice

FAN-093_Doriopsis_pecten_feeding_on_Terpios_gelatinosus

Terpios gelatinosus

with Doriopsis pecten

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Matu

 
  Tethyidae (class Demospongiae)
AWA-320_possibly_Tethya_bergquistae

possibly Tethya bergquistae

Southern golfball sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Bulk terminal / Bulk jetty

AWA-317_maybe_Tethya_ingalli

mayby Tethya ingalli

Ingall's golfball sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Bulk terminal / Bulk jetty

AWA-505_maybe_Tethya_ingalli_2

mayby Tethya ingalli

Ingall's golfball sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

AWA-506_maybe_Tethya_ingalli_1

mayby Tethya ingalli

Ingall's golfball sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

AWA-593_maybe_Tethya_ingalli

mayby Tethya ingalli

Ingall's golfball sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Ammo jetty (night dive)

AVI-188_Tethya_sp_undetermined_sponge_1

Tethya sp.

?

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier

AVI-191_Tethya_sp_undetermined_sponge_2

Tethya sp.

?

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier

ASA-206_Tethya_sp_1

Tethya sp.

?

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-207_Tethya_sp_2

Tethya sp.

?

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

AWA-226_Tethya_sp.

Tethya sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

AWA-370_Tethya_sp.

Tethya sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks

AWA-474_Tethya_sp.

Tethya sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-588_Tethya_sp.

Tethya sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

AWA-309_probably_Tethya_sp.

probably Tethya sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Bulk terminal / Bulk jetty

AWA-609_probably_Tethya_sp.

probably Tethya sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Ammo jetty

  Tetillidae (class Demospongiae)
MSI-44_maybe_Cinachyrella_australiensis_Golf_ball_sponge

mayby Cinachyrella australiensis

Orange or Golf ball sponge

Sipadan, Malaysia 2005
Dive site: Midreef

FMI-252_maybe_Cinachyrella_australiensis_Golf_ball_sponge

mayby Cinachyrella australiensis

Orange or Golf ball sponge

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Pescador east

IB2-174_maybe_Cinachyrella_australiensis_Golf_ball_sponge

mayby Cinachyrella australiensis

Orange or Golf ball sponge

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Labuan segala

FM2-160_maybe_Cinachyrella_australiensis_Golf_ball_sponge

mayby Cinachyrella australiensis

Orange or Golf ball sponge

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Pescador

IRA-104_maybe_Cinachyrella_australiensis_Golf_ball_sponge

mayby Cinachyrella australiensis

Orange or Golf ball sponge

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Mios kon

FAN-398_maybe_Cinachyrella_australiensis_Golf_ball_sponge

mayby Cinachyrella australiensis

Orange of Golf ball sponge

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Dive and trek

FMO-164_Cinachyrella_australiensis_Orange_ball_sponge

mayby Cinachyrella australiensis

Orange or Golf ball sponge

Philippines, Anda 2018
Dive site: Birhen point

FMO-298_probably_Cinachyra_sp_undetermined_white_golf_ball_sponge

Cinachyrella sp.

undetermined white golf ball sponge

Philippines, Anda 2018
Dive site: Pygmy house

_Cinachyrella_sp_undetermined_ball_sponge

Cinachyrella sp.

undetermined ball sponge

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Labuan segala

 
_Craniella_abracadabra

Craniella abracadabra

?

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Menjangan, Blue corner

  FNE-203_Paratetilla_arcifera_with_Clavelina_moluccensis

Paratetilla arcifera

?

Negros, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Apo island (Chapel)

   
  Thorectidae (class Demospongiae)
FMO-137_maybe_Phyllospongia_sp_undetermined_sponge

mayby Phyllospongia sp.

?

Philippines, Anda 2018
Dive site: house reef Magic Oceans

AWA-428_maybe_Thorectidae_sp.

mayby Thorectidae sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

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  Other Demospongiae
AVI-170_Chlamys_hastata__Chlamys_hastata_with_Crella_incrustans

Crella incrustans

on Chlamys hastata (Pacific spear scallop)

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Rye pier

BO2-290_Desmapsamma_anchorata_Lumpy_overgrowing_sponge

Desmapsamma anchorata

Lumpy overgrowing sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Hilma Hooker

BON-114_maybe_Desmapsamma_anchorata

mayby Desmapsamma anchorata

Lumpy overgrowing sponge ?

Caribbean, Bonaire 2013
Dive site: house reef Buddy (night dive)

BO2-129_Iotrochota_birotulata_Green_finger_sponge

Iotrochota birotulata

Green finger sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Sweet dreams

EW2-02_Negombata_cortica

Negombata cortica

Red finger sponge

Wadi Lahami, Egypt 2003
Dive site: Shaab rour north

IB2-169_Petromica_Petromica_massalis

Petromica (Petromica) massalis

?

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Labuan segala

IMI-289_Placospongia_melobesioides

Placospongia melobesioides

?

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Batu Gosoh 1

AWA-298_maybe_Polymastia_sp.

mayby Polymastia sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Woodman point

ASA-317_maybe_Spongia_sp_undetermined_sponge

mayby Spongia sp.

?

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Edithburg jetty

AWA-211_probably_Tedania_Tedania_anhelans

probably Tedania (Tedania) anhelans

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Ammo jetty

FMI-258 Tube sponge, Theonella swinhoei

Theonella swinhoei

Brown tube sponge

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Pescador east

FM2-026 Tube sponge, Theonella swinhoei

Theonella swinhoei

Brown tube sponge

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Pescador

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  Heteropiidae (class Calcarea)
FMI-159_Heteropia_minor

Heteropia minor

Bagpipe of the sea

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Tuble reef south

FNE-110_Heteropia_minor

Heteropia minor

Bagpipe of the sea

Negros, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Paliton (cave)

FM2-118_Heteropia_minor

Heteropia minor

Bagpipe of the sea

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Fish feeding

FM2-263_Heteropia_minor

Heteropia minor

Bagpipe of the sea

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Kasai point

FAN-070_Atriolum_robustum_and_Heteropia_minor

Heteropia minor

(and Atriolum robustum)

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: house reef Portulano (night dive)

  Leucaltidae (class Calcarea)
IB2-303_Leucetta_avocado

Leucetta avocado

?

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Kubu, Batu Indah

FAN-307 Leucetta chagosensis, Lemon sponge

Leucetta chagosensis

Lemon sponge

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Ligpo island (night dive)

FAN-346 Leucetta chagosensis, Lemon sponge

Leucetta chagosensis

(with maybe Polydorella prolifera)

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: house reef Portulano

FMO-196_Leucetta_chagosensis

Leucetta chagosensis

Lemon sponge

Philippines, Anda 2018
Dive site: Lamanok Island

IB3-165_probably_Leucetta_chagosensis,_Lemon_sponge_3

probably Leucetta chagosensis

Lemon sponge

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Menjangan, Blue corner

IB3-156_probably_Leucetta_chagosensis,_Lemon_sponge_2

probably Leucetta chagosensis

Lemon sponge

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Menjangan, Blue corner

IB3-154_probably_Leucetta_chagosensis,_Lemon_sponge_1

probably Leucetta chagosensis

Lemon sponge

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Menjangan, Blue corner

FNE-095_Leucetta_microraphis

Leucetta microraphis

?

Negros, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Siquijor wall

IRA-336_Leucetta_microraphis

Leucetta microraphis

?

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: The passage

AWA-407_maybe_Leucetta_microraphis

Leucetta microraphis

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

IB2-297 unidentified sponge, maybe Leucetta sp 1

mayby Leucetta sp.

?

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Kubu, Temple

FNE-094 undetermined sponge, maybe Leucetta sp.

mayby Leucetta sp.

?

Negros, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Siquijor wall

FM2-193 undetermined sponge, maybe Leucetta sp.

mayby Leucetta sp.

?

Cebu, the Philippines 2012
Dive site: Dolphin house

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  Syconidae (class Calcarea)
AWA-641_Sycon_cf_gelatinosum

Sycon cf. gelatinosum

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Cottesloe south beach

AVI-143_maybe_Sycon_raphanus

mayby Sycon raphanus

?

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier

  AVI-206_Sycon_sp_tubular_sponge

Sycon sp.

?

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Flinders pier

ASA-285_Sycon_sp_tubular_sponge

Sycon sp.

?

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Port Hughes jetty

AWA-122_Sycon_sp_undetermined_sponge

Sycon sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Honeycomb

AWA-345_Sycon_sp_undetermined_sponge

Sycon sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Point peron

AWA-408_Sycon_sp_1

Sycon sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-412_Sycon_sp_2

Sycon sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-413_Sycon_sp_3

Sycon sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-437_Sycon_sp_4

Sycon sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-440_Sycon_sp_5

Sycon sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-455_Sycon_sp_undetermined_sponge

Sycon sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-610_Sycon_sp.

Sycon sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Ammo jetty

AWA-415_maybe_Sycon_sp.

mayby Sycon sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

  Other Calcarea
IRA-277 undetermined sponge, maybe Clathrina sp.

mayby Clathrina sp.

undetermined sponge

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Friwenbonda

FMO-300_Ascandra_chrysops

Ascandra chrysops

?

Philippines, Anda 2018
Dive site: Pygmy house

AWA-381_probably_Teichonopsis_labyrinthica

probably Teichonopsis labyrinthica

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks (night dive)

   
  class Homoscleromorpha
AWA-419_Oscarella_sp.

Oscarella sp.

?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

FMO-197_maybe_Plakortis_sp_undetermined_sponge

mayby Plakortis sp.

?

Philippines, Anda 2018
Dive site: Lamanok Island

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  undetermined sponge
FMI-151 sponge 2

?

undetermined sponges

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Pescador east

IHW-251 unidentified sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Halmahera, Indonesia 2010
Dive site: Gemaf

IB2-300 unidentified, probably a sponge

?

undetermined, probably a sponge

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Kubu, Temple

EMA-144 undetermined stony coral 3

?

undetermined sponge

Marsa alam, Egypt 2012
Dive site: house reef Oasis (night dive)

IRA-298 undetermined sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: The passage

IRA-345 undetermined sponge 2

?

undetermined sponge

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Five rocks

IRA-282 undetermined sponge 2

?

undetermined sponge

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: house reef Sorido (night dive)

IRA-272 undetermined sponge 1

?

undetermined sponge

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 2014
Dive site: Friwenbonda

FAN-206 undetermined sponge.

?

undetermined sponge

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Nilog

FAN-438 undetermined sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Anilao, the Philippines 2015
Dive site: Ligpo cavern

IB3-152_undetermined_sponge_2

?

undetermined sponge

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Menjangan, Pos II

IB3-159_undetermined_sponge_3

?

undetermined sponge

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Menjangan, Blue corner

IB3-169_undetermined_sponge_4

?

undetermined sponge

Bali, Indonesia 2016
Dive site: Menjangan, Mimpi chanel

FRO-363_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Romblon, the Philippines 2017
Dive site: San Pedro

IMI-156_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Batu Lihunu

IMI-160_undetermined_tube_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Batu Sahaung

IMI-178_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Tanjung Totohe

IMI-226_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Batu Beka

IMI-345_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Bangka, Indonesia 2017
Dive site: Efrata

AVI-107_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Rye pier

AVI-194_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier

AVI-196_undetermined_sponge

undetermined sponge

?

Australia, Victoria 2018
Dive site: Blairgowrie pier

ASA-232_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Rapid bay jetty

ASA-281_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Port Hughes jetty

ASA-311_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Edithburg jetty

ASA-337_undetermined_sponge_2

?

undetermined sponge

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Edithburg jetty

ASA-341_undetermined_sponge_1

?

undetermined sponge

South Australia 2018
Dive site: Edithburg jetty

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FMO-294_undetermined_sponge_1

?

undetermined sponge

Philippines, Anda 2018
Dive site: Pygmy house

FMO-301_undetermined_sponge_2

?

undetermined sponge

Philippines, Anda 2018
Dive site: Pygmy house

AWA-100_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Honeycomb

AWA-212_undetermined_sponge_on_bivalves

?

with Polydorella prolifera?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Ammo jetty

AWA-273_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

AWA-274_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Kwinana grain terminal

AWA-315_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Bulk terminal / Bulk jetty

AWA-343_undetermined_sponge_with_maybe_Polydorella_prolifera

?

with Polydorella prolifera?

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Point peron

AWA-372_undetermined_sponge_2

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks

AWA-373_undetermined_sponge_3

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks

AWA-388_undetermined_sponge_1

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-394_undetermined_sponge_2

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-411_undetermined_sponges_1

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-422_undetermined_sponge_3

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-430_undetermined_sponge_7

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-433_undetermined_sponge_5

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-436_undetermined_sponge_6

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-614_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-438_undetermined_sponges_2

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-445_undetermined_sponge_3

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Canal rocks, Honeycombs

AWA-525_undetermined_sponge_1

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Coogee marina, north wall

AWA-535_undetermined_sponge_1

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Coogee marina, north wall

AWA-541_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Fremantle, South mole

AWA-642_undetermined_sponge_1

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Cottesloe south beach

AWA-643_undetermined_sponge_2

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Cottesloe south beach

AWA-651_undetermined_sponge_4

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Cottesloe south beach

AWA-663_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Western Australia 2020
Dive site: Ammo jetty (night dive)

BO2-145_undetermined_sponge

?

undetermined sponge

Caribbean, Bonaire 2021
Dive site: Salt pier (night dive)

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  My sponge is my castle

The Barrel sponge, Xestospongia testudinaria provides a home or shelter for many permanent or temporary guests. Some of the barrel sponges are big enough to fit a man.  The rim if soft and vulnerable, but the surface is hard and deeply ridged.

In the ridges you can often find different kind of crustaceans. The Pink squat lobster is probably the best known and permanent inhabitant. As far as I know it’s only found on the barrel sponge. But there’s many more crustaceans to be found between the ridges, especially different species of porcelain crabs.

Also other species find a refuge on the barrel sponge. They’re sometimes covered with Lampert's sea cucumbers, at night small fishes like (Pseud)anthias species and Spotted hawkfish can be found sleeping between the ridges.

On the house reef of Kubu Indah Dive Resort we found a big Barrel Sponge, acting as a kind of apartment building. During several night dives we found over 10 different species, among them our first Bumblebee shrimp. But also the other barrel sponges on the house reef all had their guests.

FMI-277 Barrel sponge, Xestospongia testudinaria, with sea cucumber Synapta lamperti

Xestospongia testudinaria

Barrel sponge with Synapta lamperti

Cebu, the Philippines 2007
Dive site: Pescador south-east

IB2-028 Bumblebee shrimp, Gnathophyllum americanum

Gnathophyllum americanum

Bumblebee shrimp

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

IB2-152 Decorator arrow crab, Hyastenus bispinosus

Hyastenus bispinosus

Decorator arrow crab

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

FAN-125 Lauriea siagiani, Hairy squat lobster or Pink squat lobster

Lauriea siagiani

Hairy squat lobster (or Pink squat lobster)

Anilao, Philippines 2015
Dive site: Pinnacle

IB2-064 Pagurixus maorus

Pagurixus maorus

?

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

IB2-088 Flat rock crab, Percnon planissimum

Percnon planissimum

Flat Rock Crab

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

IB2-011 unidentified porcelain crab, Petrolisthes sp.

Petrolisthes sp.

undetermined porcelain crab

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

IB2-087_Lissoporcellana_furcillata

Lissoporcellana furcillata

?

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

IB2-092_Aliaporcellana_spongicola_Barrel_sponge_crab.

Aliaporcellana spongicola

Barrel sponge crab

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

IB2-291 unidentified anthias, Pseudanthias sp.

Pseudanthias sp.

undetermined anthias

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

IB2-151 sub-adult Banded boxer shrimp, Stenopus hispidus

Stenopus hispidus

sub-adult Banded boxer shrimp

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

IB2-285 Thaumastocaris streptopus cf

Thaumastocaris streptopus cf

?

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

IB2-027 unidentified swimming crab, maybe Carupa sp.

probably Thalamita sp.

undetermined swimming crab

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

IB2-322_family_Pilumnidae_probably_subfamily_Pilumninae

family Pilumnidae

probably subfamily Pilumninae

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

IB2-290 unidentified porcelain crab

?

undetermined porcelain crab

Bali, Indonesia 2011
house reef Kubu Indah (night dive)

IBA-079_Aliaporcellana_spongicola_Barrel_sponge_crab

Aliaporcellana spongicola

Barrel sponge crab

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Seraya

IBA-097 Spotted or Blotched hawkfish, Cirrhitichthys aprinus

Cirrhitichthys aprinus

Spotted (or Blotched) hawkfish

Bali, Indonesia 2009
Dive site: Turtle neck / Bloo lagoon

FMI-118 unidentified swimming crab

?

unidentified swimming crab

Cebu, Philippines 2007
Dive site: Pescador south (night dive)

IAM-145 Red swimming crab, Charybdis paucidentata

Charybdis paucidentata

Red swimming crab

Ambon, Indonesia 2010
house reef Maluku divers (night dive)

IB2-193 Tropical striped triplefin, Helcogramma striatum

Helcogramma striatum

Tropical striped triplefin

Bali, Indonesia 2011
Dive site: Tulamben, Coral garden